Robert Hormats

Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment

Robert Hormats was the Under Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs from September 23, 2009 to July 31, 2013.

Bob was formerly vice chairman of Goldman Sachs (International). He joined Goldman Sachs in 1982.

Bob served as Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs from 1981 to 1982, Ambassador and Deputy U.S. Trade Representative from 1979 to 1981, and Senior Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs at the Department of State from 1977 to 1979. He served as a senior staff member for International Economic Affairs on the National Security Council from 1969 to 1977, where he was senior economic advisor to Dr. Henry Kissinger, General Brent Scowcroft and Dr. Zbigniew Brzezinski. Bob was a recipient of the French Legion of Honor in 1982 and the Arthur Fleming Award in 1974.

Bob has been a visiting lecturer at Princeton University and served on the Board of Visitors of the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and the Dean’s Council of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Mr. Hormats’ publications include The Price of Liberty: Paying for America's Wars;
Abraham Lincoln and the Global Economy;
American Albatross: The Foreign Debt
; and Reforming the International
Monetary System
. Other publications
include articles in Foreign Affairs, Foreign
Policy, The New York Times, The
Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal,
American Banker
and The Financial Times.
Mr. Hormats earned a BA with a
concentration in economics and political
science from Tufts University in 1965. He
earned an MA in 1966 and a PhD in
International Economics in 1970 from the
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.