Investigators trying to determine what happened to Amelia Earhart more than 80 years ago now believe a newly discovered photograph shows she survived her final flight and was captured by the Japanese.
The photo shows a woman who resembles Earhart and a man who appears to be her navigator, Fred Noonan, on a dock in the Marshall Islands. The Japanese ship, the Koshu, can be seen in the background towing what investigators believe could be Earhart’s Lockheed Electra plane.
The photo was discovered by Les Kinney, a retired U.S. Treasury agent who has spent more than a decade searching for clues in the case. He found it in a former “top secret” file at the National Archives, and believes it was taken in 1937, the same year the legendary pilot vanished during an attempted round-the-world flight.
However, officials at the US National Archives told Gizmodo the photograph is undated and they have yet to uncover any evidence that the photo was taken specifically in 1937.
“There is no confirmation on either a date or content in the photograph from the National Archives,” said James P. Pritchett, the director of public and media communications at the National Archives.
Kinney, though, said the image “clearly indicates that Earhart was captured by the Japanese.”
“It was misfiled,” Kinney says of the photo in a clip from the documentary. “That’s the only reason I was able to find it.”
Kinney’s work and Henry’s analysis will be presented in the two-hour documentary Amelia Earhart: The Lost Evidence.
They believe the photo was taken by a spy before the pair of aviators were imprisoned in Saipan, where they ultimately died.
Other researchers have speculated that Earhart did not die in a plane crash, but instead spent her final days surviving as a castaway on the island of Nikumaroro, Kiribati. As evidence of this theory, the International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery told CNN last year that an unidentified skeleton found on the island in 1940 ― initially misidentified as male ― strongly resembled Earhart. However, no definitive identification has been made.
Japan’s Foreign Ministry, Defense Ministry and National Archives said they have no records of Earhart or Noonan being in their custody. However, many records from that time did not survive World War II, WTVJ News reported.
The History Channel is running the documentary on July 9 at 9 p.m. ET.
This story has been updated to include comments from the U.S. National Archives.