Fair or not, locals in Miami are known for being a little aloof.
"They're multilingual, beautiful, and wealthy," said the Florida-based travel blogger Christine Austin. "For regular folks, visiting here can feel like stumbling into a nightclub full of supermodels while you're wearing yoga pants."
But she insists it's not mere vanity that makes the residents so brusque: "It's hot here -- like, all the time," she said. "The kind of heat that makes you just want to blame someone."
Whether it's the heat or the velvet ropes, Miami made its debut as the No. 1 rudest city, according to Travel + Leisure readers. In the latest America's Favorite Places survey, voters ranked big cities (with populations over 100,000) for such cosmopolitan features as their world-class museums, chef-driven restaurants, and cocktail lounges. But the survey also scored some quality-of-life features, like how walkable a city is, how safe it feels, and how cordial (or not) the locals seem.
This year's list of America's 15 Rudest Cities includes some returning winners -- or losers, depending on your prerogative -- as well as some shakeups. New York City, for instance, shed its title as the rudest in the land, and only three of the top 15 are located in the stereotypically gruff Northeast. Nine of the surly cities also scored highly for passionate sports fans, so perhaps that in-your-face enthusiasm is rubbing out-of-towners the wrong way.
To be fair, rudeness in cities on the list can be in the eye of the beholder. Manila-based travel blogger Marlon Uy Cana says that while he has experienced some classic New York City attitude, he has found just as many friendly locals -- when he makes a little effort.
"Most New Yorkers were courteous, and I've chatted with them on the subway," he said. "But as a tourist, I say 'Hi' first, and a big smile goes a long way. You get back what you give."
From the Pacific coast to the frosty eastern seaboard, these are the year's rudest cities. (To check out the ones that impressed travelers with their congeniality and good vibes, check out our list of America's Friendliest Cities.)
The nitty-gritty: Travel + Leisure's America's Favorite Places survey opened on 10/8/2015 and closed on 04/15/2016. It was open to everyone, and ran alongside a sweepstakes. The open-response survey asked respondents to submit their favorite place and rate it in over 65 categories, including affordability, notable restaurants, and public parks. Cities are defined as governed bodies with a population over 100,000.
15. Scottsdale, Arizona
The city may not exude an overly-welcoming atmosphere for visitors, but locals are loving it. With an impressive performance on WalletHub’s Staycation survey,
residents of Scottsdale enjoy a lifetime of weekends full of R&R and a strong food scene. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: KingWu/Getty Images
14. Charlotte, North Carolina
Maybe travelers just ran into a bunch of stressed out Charlotte residents at the airport. Charlotte Douglas International Airport is an airport you definitely want to avoid
in the summer, and nothing makes people ruder than a flight delay. If you want to play nice with the locals, however, cheer on the Panthers at D9 Brewing Co.’s taproom. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Danita Delimont/Getty Images
13. Providence, Rhode Island
In keeping with stereotypes, this New England city has historically struck readers as “bookishly aloof.
” But don’t pass through too quickly: The city scored highly for its attractive architecture and has no shortage of unique attractions
. During the summer, you can see the WaterFire bonfire installation, and at any time of year, you can grab a drink in the cooler-than-thou cocktail bar at The Dean Hotel. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: DenisTangneyJr/Getty Images
12. Las Vegas, Nevada
It’s no wonder that Sin City scored gold for a Wild Weekend trip,
with its world-class nightclubs and hotels. But the city came off to many readers as a bit shallow: Its scores for historic sites, galleries, and peace and quiet were low. Vegas is getting luckier, however, with a rudeness score that’s dropped for three consecutive years and a happening food scene
that could soon compete with the Strip’s neon and glitter. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Rainer Kopp/EyeEm/Getty Images
11. Detroit, Michigan
Unsociable locals aside, Detroit is undeniably the country’s comeback kid. We called it one of the best places to travel this year,
thanks to a boutique hotel boom, almost 100 new restaurants, and an attractive new riverfront park. And while readers called out locals for being rude, they raved just as much about the pizza and music scene. Watch out Nashville and New York. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Mike Kline (notkalvin)/Getty Images
10. Ann Arbor, Michigan
Ann Arbor residents may have come off as rude, but visitors also say they’re notably hip and intelligent. Hoards of students also make for excellent people watching. If you’re visiting Ann Arbor, you can get on locals’ good side by sporting a U of M sweatshirt or by discussing your experience at the Nichols Arboretum. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Tom Carter/Getty Images
9. Colorado Springs, Colorado
Even if the locals rub you the wrong way, you’ll have no trouble staying entertained in Colorado Springs. The city impressed travelers with its cultural offerings, getting high scores in everything from the galleries and museums to the theater offerings and free attractions — hiking through national parks
and outdoor concerts, to name just a couple. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Steve Krull/Getty Images
8. Dallas, Texas
Even with a healthy dose of Texas twang, Dallas didn’t come across to visitors as being very welcoming. What did resonate with travelers in the Big D were the city’s bars and barbecue, including brisket omelets for breakfast at Smoke or craft brews in Deep Ellum. Maybe travelers just don’t get what they expect from a trip to Dallas. As T+L’s Digital Photo Editor, a Dallas native, says in her hometown guide
, you won’t find longhorns or oil rigs in this truly modern metropolis. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Jordan Sandifer/EyeEm/Getty Images
7. Boston, Massachusetts
If you want to make a good impression on Bostonians — some of the most passionate sports fans in the country — leave your Yankees cap and Golden State Warriors jersey at home. You won’t have any trouble striking up a conversation with brainy locals, or getting friendly assistance from a BID Ambassador. You can find them in orange shirts watering plants, picking up litter, and helping visitors all across Beantown
. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Maremagnum/Getty Images
6. Salt Lake City, Utah
What’s not to like about a metropolis surrounded almost entirely by ski resorts?
Maybe all that cold air leaves locals in the No. 1 city for ski trips feeling frigid. Salt Lake City did impress travelers with its overall cleanliness and its attractive residents. Get to know them over an après ski drink at notably mellow Solitude Mountain Resort’s Library Bar. Slopeside pubs and lounges are one of the only places you’ll experience Salt Lake-style nightlife. See More of America's Rudest CitiesPhoto: Taylor Hinton/Getty Images
More from Travel + Leisure: