A recent report from the United Nations just painted a staggering and alarming picture of what we can expect if we don’t act on climate change. And these catastrophic effects won’t just impact our planet ― they’ll also affect our well-being. In many ways, they already have.
Climate change is a reality that’s taking a toll on people’s mental health, and therapists say their clients are expressing a multitude of fears on the subject.
“Worry about environmental problems can cause anxiety and depression,” said Josef Ruzek, a psychologist at Palo Alto University, adding that therapists have an increasing need to help their patients “challenge feelings of helplessness, engage in constructive self-talk and build a personal sense of resilience and optimism” in order to deal with fears that may be disrupting day-to-day life.
Here’s how therapists are enacting this and helping patients deal with the (very real) worry around climate change:
Focus on what you can control — and turn that into action
Melissa Wolak, a mindset coach in Boulder, Colorado, whose husband works in the climate change arena, is fully aware of the implications of global warming. (“Maybe too aware at times,” she said.) To manage the anxiety surrounding the issue, she suggested churning worry-laden thoughts into action.
“I have found that I need to be proactive to give myself a sense of control and ultimately hope,” Wolak said.
By focusing on what you can control, you can make a positive difference in your community and abate your anxiety at the same time, said Rachel Wright, a psychotherapist based in New York.
“Perhaps it’s getting involved in a local chapter that’s working to help the global warming efforts,” Wright said. “Or maybe it’s donating money to one of the many global warming activism groups. We can’t control everyone else, so focus on what you can change, which is you.”
Flip off the television for a little while
While it’s incredibly important to remain informed, gluing yourself to the TV may only exacerbate anxiety. “I personally have limited my news intake,” Wolak said.
If you notice that flipping on the news makes you physically stressed, try to take a break when you can or follow from a distance for a little while. Instead of watching every TV segment that airs, try glancing at newspaper headlines or following reputable sources on Twitter to stay educated. Scan through to stay updated but give yourself more control over what you actually choose to consume.
“We are seeing a clear increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events across the country,“ said Don Mordecai, a psychiatrist at San Jose Medical Center. “With this, we can anticipate the mental health impacts of the threat of harm and death, the loss of a home and disruption to communities ― all causes of stress and contributors to PTSD ― will increase as well.”
Although the likelihood of you being affected right away may be low, Mordecai recommended creating a plan as a way to alleviate some anxiety. For instance, putting together an earthquake preparation kit, arming yourself with a list of emergency contacts and having a spare phone charger handy can make you feel much more empowered.
Move your body
Anxiety ― whether it’s over climate change or caused by something else entirely ― can have a real, tangible effect on your body.
“Recognize that creating this worry produces a physical energy ― racing heart, palms sweaty, a feeling like something is crawling on you ― which all lead to physical manifestations of discomfort,” said Yael Katzman, a licensed marriage and family therapist in Encino, California.
Whenever you start to get worked up, go for a walk, try a run or do yoga “to release some of that energy,” she suggested. Bonus: Research has shown time and time again that exercise helps alleviate stress, both mentally and physically.
Turn your attention to the now
Living in the present moment has been associated with limiting stress, anxiety and even easing symptoms of depression, said Sarah Thacker, a therapist based in New York. Thacker added that “when you are able to fully connect with and be present with this moment, right here and now, those fears about a future catastrophe can dissolve.”
Any time your mind wanders to the past or the present and it starts to cause extreme stress, recognize what is happening and pause. Take in the sights, sounds and smells of your surroundings (Where are you sitting? What noise is outside the window?) and bring yourself back into the now.
Reframe negative thoughts into something more productive
Take catastrophe-based thoughts ― e.g., “we could die in the next storm that happens because of climate change” ― and reframe them into reality-based thoughts, Thacker said. So, for example: “If a major storm comes, we will make plans to ensure that we will be safe.”
Schedule time to worry (yes, really)
You might not be able to curb all of your worrying, so try setting aside time for it instead. Katzman suggested scheduling time in your week to ponder the implications of things like climate change and limiting it to only that.
“Set a timer and when the timer goes off, you have to start whatever is next on your schedule and engage in that, and put aside focusing on worry until the next scheduled time,” she said.
If a thought pops up prior to or after your designated worrying session, Katzman said, tell it: “I will give it attention during your scheduled time.” You can also write the thought down and revisit it later.