A couple of years ago I wouldn't have had any problems answering this question but I'm astounded at how confused I feel about this question right now. My first instinctual answer when I saw this was Hermann Hesse - but my confusion set in when I started thinking about what constitutes being a philosopher. In terms of adapting philosophy's there was a radical shift in my own understanding, or concept rather, of reality after reading Siddharta - which will always be a very fond memory for me.
I guess, to me, Siddhartha acted as philosophy disguised as fiction and coming from a very cynical and far from "spiritual" mindset it really helped me answer a lot of questions about myself and my purpose - but more importantly it helped me find the right questions to ask myself, helped me pin-point what Ive really wanted to know. For instance, "What happens after I die?" was a question I used to ask myself a lot because I was afraid of dying, now I rarely think about it anymore but if I do the question would now rather be "Why am I afraid to die?"; what exactly is it about non-existence that scares me so much? After all no matter how much I try to tell myself otherwise Im gonna find out when I do die either way - whats the rush? Whats the point of making the life I do have harder and more stressful by worrying about something inevitable, esp when whatever happens there's no benefit to knowing in advance? Whats the point of on some subconscious level entertaining the idea of escaping death, or escaping "not existing as i know" rather?
Fear of death is just one of countless examples of how Siddhartha helped me approach my own questioning in another way thats more in line with what Im actually feeling and wondering. It helped me watch my own thought process and more than anything it has helped me be honest to myself when its been the hardest. That's why it was a catalyst for a radical shift in my perception of reality and purpose and therefor whatever Hesse's intentions with his work was I personally consider it very philosophical and insightful!
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