BOOKS

Rejected Cover Designs For 'Broken Monsters' By Lauren Beukes

Rejected Covers is an ongoing series for which artists reveal their inspirations and unused design ideas for popular titles.

Below, Little, Brown Senior Art Director Keith Hayes describes the creative process he underwent in designing the cover for Lauren Beukes's Broken Monsters. The title, he notes, was a problematic one, as its themes are dark, and its plot involves a "True Detective"-like twist in which a killer crowns his victims with animal parts. Hayes shares his unique solution to the problem of illustrating twisted stories, and addresses marketing insights, such as "books with women on the cover sell well."

A killer is leaving behind mutilated bodies that are unusually fused together with animal parts. The first body to turn up is comprised of a boy’s top half and the rear quarter of a deer. It became apparent that the killer viewed his macabre composites as fine art pieces. In the literal sense, this would make quite a disturbing image. Handled in an abstract way, I thought, this amalgamation of human and animal could be striking and provocative. With the image cemented in my mind, I set out combining photographs of human torsos and deer limbs. It was fun trying to create the killer’s vision on paper.

When I presented this for the first time at our publishing house’s jacket meeting, it was deemed too disturbing. Our publisher, editors, marketing, and sales people also thought it was referencing Greek mythology. My first presented version did not get approved. After a few more attempts at creating abominations, I felt it was better to abandon this direction and move on.

Due to the author’s prior success with The Shining Girls, we thought it was logical to have some resonance with that jacket. It was decided that the frame/border from The Shining Girls would be a good way to create a brand look for Lauren’s books. Another request was for a human element to be an integral component of the design. I wasn’t exactly thrilled to have to work within these parameters. After all, the frame on The Shining Girls' jacket wasn’t a random design element but part of a larger concept.

I had to figure out a way to make the jacket look great while working within the imposed constraints. The frame limited what I could do spatially. I needed to come up with a spot illustration that would work within the border. The choice of using a woman over a man was made because “books with women on covers sell,” or so I’ve been told. I did not want the woman’s identity to be revealed. I decided to obscure and deface it with a spray of red paint or blood, whichever you like. This came from a part in book where graffiti was found on the walls surrounding the first victim.

See the rejected cover designs for Lauren Beaukes's Broken Monsters below:

The final cover is below:

broken monsters

HuffPost

BEFORE YOU GO

  • Anne Sexton (Sylvia Plath)
    <strong>Anne Sexton</strong> and <strong>Sylvia Plath</strong> -- both "confessional" poets -- met in Boston in 1958 as membe
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    Anne Sexton and Sylvia Plath -- both "confessional" poets -- met in Boston in 1958 as members of Robert Lowell’s poetry class and instantly became friends. Sexton encouraged Plath to write from her experiences and from a more feminine perspective. Their first collections, both published in 1960, were critically acclaimed. Plath’s, however, was to be the only book of poems published in her lifetime. In September 1962, she separated from her husband, the poet Ted Hughes, and wrote at least 26 poems in a fierce burst of creativity. Five months later she put her head in a gas oven. Hughes’s publication of her final poems in Ariel (1965) precipitated the rise to fame that would eventually overshadow Sexton. Both women were awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, Plath posthumously. But though Sexton’s poems are still read and appreciated, Plath’s contentious relationship with Hughes and her dramatic death made her a phenomenon. Sexton said of Plath “We talked death with burned-up intensity, both of us drawn to it like moths to an electric light bulb, sucking on it.” After several more collections, which critics met with increasing indifference, Sexton, too, committed suicide.
  • Ezra Pound (T.S. Eliot)
    By 1914, expatriate American poet <strong>Ezra Pound</strong> was a prominent fixture in the burgeoning Modernist movement. P
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    By 1914, expatriate American poet Ezra Pound was a prominent fixture in the burgeoning Modernist movement. Pound advanced the careers of many contemporaries, including James Joyce, Robert Frost and Ernest Hemingway, but perhaps none more than T.S. Eliot. He ensured the publication of Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," and was so influential in shaping Eliot's masterpiece, The Wasteland, that Eliot dedicated it to him, calling Pound "the better craftsman." Pound's downfall was anti-Semitism--disillusioned by Britain's role in World War One, he moved to Italy, embracing Mussolini, supporting Hitler, and criticizing the United States. In 1945, he was arrested for treason but escaped a life sentence when he was declared insane, subsequently spending 12 years in a psychiatric hospital. Three years after Pound's arrest, Eliot was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. These days Eliot, not Pound, is regarded as the figurehead of Modernist poetry. At the end of his life, Pound admitted, "My worst mistake was the stupid suburban anti-Semitic prejudice, all along that spoiled everything."
  • Louis MacNeice (W. H. Auden)
    Both born in 1907, <strong>Louis MacNeice</strong> and <strong>W. H. Auden</strong> met at Oxford University in 1926. In 1937
    Kurt Hutton via Getty Images
    Both born in 1907, Louis MacNeice and W. H. Auden met at Oxford University in 1926. In 1937, they published a joint book, Letters From Iceland, based on their travels there the previous year. Both men, though chiefly remembered as poets, wrote in several different genres and styles: MacNeice wrote a large number of plays for BBC radio, Auden was a prolific reviewer and essayist. By the 1950s, though, MacNeice’s heavy drinking began to affect his work; his later collections were poorly received. He died of pneumonia in 1963, followed by Auden 10 years later. Auden garnered far higher recognition thanks to a handful of works, most significantly “Funeral Blues.” Written originally as a satirical eulogy for a politician in the anti-capitalist play The Ascent of F6, the poem catapulted him into the realm of the Literary Greats when it was read in the 1994 film Four Weddings and a Funeral. A pamphlet of 10 Auden poems subsequently sold more than 275,000 copies. Auden and MacNeice’s centenary year, 2007, was marked by broadcast tributes and public readings for Auden -- but not MacNeice.
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge (William Wordsworth)
    In 1798,<strong> Samuel Taylor Coleridge</strong> and <strong>William Wordsworth</strong> launched the English Romantic Movem
    In 1798, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth launched the English Romantic Movement when they published their joint poetry volume, Lyrical Ballads. Wordsworth contributed more poems, but Coleridge’s "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" drew the most praise and attention. Unfortunately, Coleridge was emotionally unstable and unhappily married. He took to self-medicating with laudanum. Within 10 years of Lyrical Ballads’ publication, his opium addiction was out of hand. He separated from his wife in 1808, fell out with Wordsworth in 1810, lost part of his annuity in 1811. Finally, Coleridge put himself under the care of a doctor and remained creatively unproductive for the rest of his life. Coleridge is still remembered for "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner," "Kubla Khan," and a handful of other poems, but Wordsworth built the lasting reputation. Appointed Poet Laureate nine years after Coleridge’s death, Wordsworth’s long poem to his dead friend, "The Prelude," is now hailed as a masterpiece.
  • Gore Vidal (Truman Capote)
    <strong>Gore Vidal</strong> and <strong>Truman Capote</strong> were born a year apart. Vidal’s third novel,<em> The City and
    ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Gore Vidal and Truman Capote were born a year apart. Vidal’s third novel, The City and the Pillar (1948), coincided with Capote’s debut Other Voices, Other Rooms. The City and the Pillar sparked a public scandal as the first novel to depict an openly gay protagonist as masculine and homosexuality as natural. Vidal claimed that as a result, The New York Times refused to review his next five books. Capote’s 1948 debut, also featuring a gay (albeit more effeminate) protagonist, became an instant hit, spending nine weeks on The New York Times bestseller list. So began a lifelong rivalry between the two, leading Tennessee Williams to observe: “You would think they were running neck-and-neck for some fabulous gold prize.” Vidal’s essays, novels, plays and screenplays never matched the level of recognition Capote achieved with Breakfast at Tiffany’s and In Cold Blood. Addiction to drink and drugs eventually silenced Capote’s writing talent. Though he maintained his celebrity through talk show appearances, he never finished another book, and died of liver cancer in 1984. Vidal lived for another 28 productive years without achieving the literary recognition of his rival.
  • Ford Madox Ford (Joseph Conrad)
    <strong>Ford Madox Ford</strong> published his first novel in 1892 when he was just 20. Three years later, 38-year-old <stron
    E. O. Hoppe via Getty Images
    Ford Madox Ford published his first novel in 1892 when he was just 20. Three years later, 38-year-old Joseph Conrad published his debut. Conrad went on to publish four more novels by 1900, including Heart of Darkness and Lord Jim, while Ford would publish more than two dozen books before achieving critical success with The Good Soldier (1915). He was constantly outgunned by his friend despite the fact English was Conrad’s third language. "I helped Joseph Conrad, I helped Hemingway,” Ford told George Seldes. “I helped a dozen, a score of writers, and many of them have beaten me. I'm now an old man and I'll die without making a name like Hemingway." Seldes observed, "At this climax Ford began to sob. Then he began to cry."
  • Dorothy Richardson (Virginia Woolf)
    In 1915, Gerald Duckworth, Woolf’s step-brother, published the first novels of both <strong>Dorothy Richardson</strong> and <
    In 1915, Gerald Duckworth, Woolf’s step-brother, published the first novels of both Dorothy Richardson and Virginia Woolf. Richardson’s debut, Pointed Roofs, was the first stream-of-consciousness novel in English, ahead of both Joyce’s Ulysses and Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway. Richardson bent the rules of punctuation and sentence length to create what has been called a “feminine prose.” Paying tribute to Richardson’s influence, Woolf said, “She has invented a sentence we might call the psychological sentence of the feminine gender." But whereas Woolf’s novels entered both the popular and critical canon and are still read today, those of Dorothy Richardson languish in obscurity. The reason? One critic claims that Richardson might have been “the Gertrude Stein of the English novel if she had been more self-promoting and more affluent." Born into wealth, Woolf was at the center of the influential Bloomsbury group and ran her own publishing house. By contrast, Richardson left London to live in Cornwall early in her career. Without literary friends to champion her long unstructured style and difficult prose, she now has few fans outside academia.
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