Inner-City Schools Find Music Programs Could Be Key To Happier, Harder-Working Students

Inner-City Schools Find Music Programs Could Be Key To Happier, Harder-Working Students

When Larry Carthan was 9 years old, he discovered drumming as a creative outlet for his energy and frustrations. Decades later, after a 29-year career on Wall Street, he decided to return to his passion full-time and share music's life-changing abilities with underserved kids in New York City.

Over the past eight years, Carthan -- or "Mr. Larry," as his students fondly call him -- has gone from volunteering his drum-teaching services at a summer camp to becoming one of the most renowned teaching artists affiliated with the Center for Arts Education, a New York City-based nonprofit organization that aims to give every child in local public schools equal access to a strong arts education.

Carthan, who teaches children in all five boroughs, both exposes at-risk middle school students to the many benefits of creating music and serves as a healthy role model for them as they develop visions for their own successful futures.

The music, as well as the resulting attitude shift, has brought dramatic change to the school.

"He's one of the best teaching artists I've ever seen," Eva Pataki, CAE's associate director of teaching and learning, said. "He's one of the few that performs magic with difficult kids. He's just amazing."

According to the directors of the SASI program, M.S. 421's attendance rates jumped from 85 percent to 95 percent after the introduction of Carthan's drum line program, and standardized testing scores increased as well. Across all schools integrated in the SASI research projects, 78 percent of teachers have reported that their students gained self-confidence and developed important collaboration skills, and 71 percent reported that their students are more engaged and motivated to learn.

A Brooklyn native, Carthan, 58, was a lot like the students he now teaches when he started taking drum lessons -- one of seven siblings living in a two-bedroom apartment, all held together by a single mother. He was fascinated by the drums, and his mother took notice; she used his lessons as a bargaining chip and required him to earn good grades in school to continue playing, which fueled his success in the classroom and later in life.

Similar to his mother's strategy with him as a child, Carthan requires his students to complete their core subject work on time and behave for their other teachers to earn the right to play on the drum line. Because the students respect "Mr. Larry," who arrives in a suit and tie every day and never falters with his expectations of his kids, they follow through and hold themselves accountable for their responsibilities.

"When you truly love life and love people and love children, you can take them to places they cannot imagine," Carthan said. "And they'll follow you. They'll play, they'll learn, they'll listen."

When he ended his career in equity operations at Goldman Sachs, Carthan and his wife adopted their three sons. That summer, he enrolled them in the New York City Police Department's Summer Youth Police Academy camp to help with their transition to a new home, and taught two drumming classes each week at the camp. It was there that Emanuel Lubin, the principal of Middle School 231, saw Carthan giving lessons and offered him a teaching job at his middle school. Several years later, CAE approached Lubin about a partnership, and Carthan became a teaching artist with the program.

"Once I interviewed with CAE, I realized we had the same objectives in mind -- their whole concept of developing the minds and the souls of young people, especially these inner-city kids who are kind of lost," Carthan told The Huffington Post. "It was a perfect fit for us to work together. I love the way they take the teaching artist, develop them, go into the school, and try to change the whole atmosphere through the arts."

In 2008, CAE received a grant from the Department of Education, which the organization used to launch the School Arts Support Initiative -- a four-year research project in four New York City middle schools that developed strong arts programs and, in turn, helped change the general atmospheres at the schools by getting kids and teachers excited about the arts.

Carthan taught drum line at M.S. 231 in the Bronx throughout the first SASI program. When the grant was renewed for another set of struggling schools in 2010, he took his class to M.S. 421 on 105th Street in Manhattan.

"Once I started going into some of the schools, I noticed that a lot of the children had major issues -- developmental issues, ADHD, single-parent homes, gang influence, things of that nature," Carthan said. "Kids just didn't want to come to school."

He made a point of getting to know each child individually when he first arrived, asking them to write an essay describing themselves and their life aspirations. After learning how to cater each student individually, Carthan was better equipped to create a cohesive unit for his drum line.

"Once that unit gets started, it's just an unbelievable thing," he said. "They start to transform into something else. They start to come to school because they love the program. I'm there at 8 o'clock in the morning, and they're there with me, and they're excited and can't wait to play."

However, the latest SASI installation came to an end in late 2014, as the four-year project was completed. CAE has yet to secure another grant or financial donation that can continue supporting each school's new art program, so it's up to the staffs at each location to fundraise and take advantage of resources they already have available. Carthan continues to teach at M.S. 421 with the help of such funding, and also teaches in other schools and programs throughout the city, sometimes on a volunteer basis.

larry carthan
Mr. Larry teaching a group of his younger students in his volunteer Saturday program

"I'm happier right now than I ever was on Wall Street," Carthan said. "The gratification I get from working with these children, seeing them graduate and write an essay and articulate a little better, there's just nothing like the feeling you get watching a child achieve these things. Programs like CAE have to continue to exist in our communities because they're strong and they're saving a lot of lives. They're working diligently to make sure these kids are getting the arts education that they need, and it works."

For more information on ways to help CAE continue supporting programs like Carthan's drum line, visit its website.

This article is part of a series produced by The Huffington Post highlighting the contributions of Go-Givers -- people who are looking beyond a "Go-Getter" approach to success and redefining success to include the importance of giving back. To nominate a Go-Giver of the Week, email

Before You Go

Dennis Van Roekel, President of the National Education Association
"I will never forget my sixth-grade teacher, Mrs. Jordan, who found a way to redirect a tween’s excess energy into math -- and my high school math and English teachers, Mrs. Vetter and Mr. Renken, who built on my strengths and filled in the gaps. They instilled pride in me for my work and encouraged me to always do my best. Truly inspirational individuals!"
Kevin Huffman, Commissioner of the Tennessee Department of Education
"I went to Bexley High School in Bexley, Ohio, a beautiful, small town near Columbus. Sandy Rainey was my awesome Spanish I and II teacher. She was a brand new teacher right out of college with a big heart, a passion for Don Quixote and an open door for kids like me. Mrs. Rainey was smart, cared about the world and about social justice, worked hard and had a sense of humor (which I later realized is not the easiest thing in your first year of teaching). She inspired me to keep going with Spanish -- later leading to study in South America and a first job as a bilingual elementary school teacher in Texas, which ultimately changed my whole career path. She also taught all of us to dream big and laugh along the way. Thank you, Mrs. Rainey!"
Wendy Kopp, CEO and Co-Founder of Teach for All, Founder and Chair of Teach for America
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"The teacher who most inspired me was Marvin Bressler, my undergraduate thesis adviser. He said I was 'deranged' to propose the creation of Teach For America and then set out to make it happen. But secretly he loved the idea and helped out subtly in small ways and big. He was a fountain of sage advice. Professor Bressler even connected me to Princeton’s head of development to explain just how hard it is to raise money -- though he probably knew that this gentleman would end up supporting the cause. I appreciate Professor Bressler for challenging my passion with his words, and encouraging it with his actions."
Nancy Barile, English Teacher, Member of the Center for Teaching Quality Collaboratory
Courtesy of Nancy Barile
"I will never forget the day I met Ms. Liebsch in sophomore English class at Bishop Kenrick High School back in the 1970s. Ms. Liebsch wore leather boots with her skirt suits and matching cool pendants.

"I was already a voracious reader by then, and Ms. Liebsch took note immediately. She began feeding me books from her personal collection: Silas Marner, Madame Bovary, The Bell Jar. Then she would ask me for my opinions on what I had read -- and she actually listened to me. We had conversations. She was the first teacher I had who empowered me as a woman and a learner. I am quite certain I wouldn’t be a teacher today if it weren’t for Ms. Liebsch."
Jose Vilson, Math Teacher, Blogger, Author
Courtesy of Jose Vilson
"I had many teachers who inspired me throughout my career, but the one I'd like to show appreciation for is Mrs. Dee Kittany, my high school choir teacher. She didn't teach me in any specific subjects, but, as the chorus coordinator, she helped me understand and use my voice in ways I didn't fully appreciate until I got older. She believed in me from the minute I tried out. Even though I didn't always perform well, she hung on to me as cantor (the lead singer), hoping that I would break through. At the last concert of my senior year, I finally broke out with a good performance.

"I didn't take up choir for the rest of my life, but I now use my voice in other, equally powerful ways, and still for a higher cause. And I have Mrs. Kittany to thank for that."
Deborah A. Gist, Rhode Island Commissioner of Elementary and Secondary Education
"The teacher who changed my life was Joanne Hendrick -- the first person to truly challenge me. She made me work really hard to succeed in her class, and she inspired me to pursue my dream of becoming an early childhood teacher."
Sean McComb, English Teacher, 2014 National Teacher of the Year
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"Brian Reagan, a television production teacher at Upper Merion Area High School, was one of my teacher heroes. At a difficult time in my life, he believed in and valued me. He allowed my passion for sports to light my creativity and engage me in school work. More than that, he was a role model who showed me the kind of man I wanted to be: caring, joyful and generous. Mr. Reagan helped me see abilities in myself that I didn’t know were there, and modeled how I could put them to use doing the same for others."
Elisa Villanueva Beard, Co-CEO of Teach For America
Courtesy of Kate Selker
"This Teacher Appreciation Week, I’m thinking about Mr. Trevino -- one of the toughest teachers I’ve ever had. Mr. Trevino taught my 11th-grade English class, and he set the highest bar I’d seen yet. He asked us to read more rigorous texts and produce more complex writing than anyone had expected of us before. I was intimidated. I was challenged. And eventually, I was incredibly grateful. I really struggled my first year in college, but it was my writing skills -- honed in Mr. Trevino’s class -- that gave me the confidence to keep with it. He pushed me to be great. He believed I could be great -- until I believed it, too."
David Coleman, College Board President and CEO
"Mary Rooney was one of my great teachers and remains a close friend. Mrs. Rooney taught English Language Arts at public school IS70 in NYC, a remarkably diverse school at the time. She taught us how to explicate a poem, to write long stories, to command grammar. She was the perfect combination of forbidding and warm that called on us all to work harder than we had done before, and surprise ourselves by what we could then do. Mrs. Rooney stayed after school every day to run a homework help group so that students from all backgrounds could do her demanding work and thrive. She opened worlds, and all her students, from all walks of life, remember her."
Patrick Finley, Co-Principal of Metropolitan Expeditionary Learning School
Courtesy of Patrick Finley
"While most teachers viewed me as a troublemaker in elementary school, my third-grade teacher, Mrs. Morris, saw something different in me. In her class, for the first time I felt like a teacher was more interested in finding out what motivated me than trying to keep me quiet with worksheets. She gave me chances to use my voice and creatively looked for ways to hook me into lessons. So when we opened our school a few years ago, I wrote a letter to Mrs. Morris to thank her for her patience and inspiration. Although it had been 30 years, she remembered me and took the time not only to write back, but also enclosed a few pictures of our class because that's who she is -- a lifelong teacher who loves her kids and the time that she spent with them."
Michelle Rhee, Founder and CEO of StudentsFirst
"Mary Weiss showed me what a great teacher can do and is responsible for putting the thought in my head, for the first time, that I might become a teacher.

"She was not my teacher, per se. She was my 10th-grade boyfriend’s mom. But she took me under her wing, inviting me into her classroom during the spring of my senior year in high school, where I would help students read, work on math problems and provide one-on-one time to children who needed a little extra attention.

"Mrs. Weiss was someone who did not need to work. And she certainly did not need to travel into the troubled neighborhoods of inner-city Toledo, Ohio, every day. But for her, teaching was a calling. She volunteered to teach at the school in the rough part of town. 'I want to make a difference in my students’ lives,' she told me.

"What I learned most from Mrs. Weiss -- and the seed planted in my mind during high school that continues to guide my work today -- is this: 'I have the same expectations for all my students,' she said to me. 'Each one is capable of doing anything. I want them all to be somebody.' Regardless of whether a child is rich or poor, no matter what level of education their parents’ received or what ZIP code they were born in, every child has the ability to achieve amazing things -- that’s a truth I learned first from Mary Weiss."

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