Because of California's continuing budget crises, the question is no longer will we cut the corrections budget but how. Every dollar spent on big prisons this year will be taken from children's health care, family welfare, students' education, and services to our elderly and infirm.
We cannot afford to repeat the mistakes of the past in terms of shredding the education and social safety net or investing billions in incarceration policies that cycle men and women in-and-out of violent, overcrowded prisons and back to our communities. The decisions made now will have real and lasting consequences for the health and safety of California communities for decades.
The Budget Justice Coalition in California is working to preserve the safety net by encouraging cuts in our bloated and dysfunctional prison system.
We're concerned that California may simply shifting the state's prison overcrowding crisis to the counties. Instead, it should follow the lead of other states - like New York, Michigan, Kansas and New Jersey - and adopt modest reforms that will reduce over-incarceration of both adults and young people for non-violent offenses, promote rehabilitation, and preserve prison resources for responding to serious crimes.
In a $10 billion-a-year prison system, even small changes produce big cost reductions. California can achieve over $550 million in annual savings and promote public safety by implementing the following sensible policies:
Move incarceration for low-level offenses to the counties, while also reducing the impact on the counties by limiting lengthy sentences:
o Adjust the dollar threshold for felony property theft--not changed since 1982;
o Make certain low-level drug and property crimes into misdemeanors; and
o Make possession of small amounts of drugs for personal use a misdemeanor.
Eliminate unnecessary costs at the CDCR without adding any additional burden to the counties:
o Eliminate "time adds" which unnecessarily extend the sentences of youth; and
o Replace the costly and dysfunctional death penalty with permanent imprisonment.
Provide judges more flexibility in sentencing, to safely reduce the costs of handling low-level offenses at the county level:
o Eliminate probation ineligibility for some low-level drug and property crimes; and
o Eliminate mandatory minimum jail sentences for some low-level misdemeanors.
In addition, to keep crime on the decline in California, we must also restore funding for alternatives to incarceration and rehabilitation by creating a funding system for counties that provides effective incentives to reduce the number of people in custody at all levels of the system, rather than paying the counties to keep more people locked up. In California, as in all the other states, federal Byrne Grant funds are available to be used to support these critically underfunded crime-prevention programs.
California can protect our kids, families, and elderly from deep cuts to education, welfare and health services, by making smart cuts in the exorbitant spending on one of the biggest prison population per capita in the world.
Safety starts at home, when families are whole and healthy, when kids are in schools, and when parents have opportunities for employment and higher education.