"The toxic chemicals have caused many environmental emergencies linked to water and air pollution," the report said via the BBC.
"There are even some serious cases of health and social problems, like the emergence of cancer villages in individual regions," it continued.
AFP notes, however, that the report "did not elaborate on the phenomenon."
Over the past few years, the term "cancer village" has been used readily by the media, as environmentalists and concerned citizens have called attention to China's burgeoning cancer rates and deteriorating human health in areas near polluted waterways and factories.
For instance, investigative journalist Deng Fei used the term in 2009, when he published a map pinpointing dozens of toxic villages in China. (According to website TechinAsia.com, Deng most recently launched a campaign on Chinese microblogging site Weibo to raise awareness about the country's worsening water pollution problem.)
Cancer is now the country's "top killer," according to a recent report by China Network Television. Nevertheless, Ma Jun, a leading environmentalist in China, told The Telegraph that, despite China's environmental problems and growing cancer rate, the government typically avoids making a connection between pollution and disease.
Environmental lawyer Wang Canfa told the AFP that this new environmental report is likely the first time the term "cancer village" has been used in a ministry document.
Campaigners have lauded the new report -- which not only acknowledged that pollution could pose a risk to human health and the environment, but also outlined a plan to stop the use and production of dozens of toxic chemicals -- as a step in the right direction.
“I do think this shows a positive development,” Ma told The Telegraph. “The recognition of the existence of problems is the very first step and the precondition for us to really start solving these problems.”