The names of the nine black Americans killed at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church were added to a long, under-recognized history of events of the same hateful nature as the Charleston massacre.
“The fact that this took place in a black church obviously raises questions about a dark part of our history,” President Barack Obama said in his speech on Thursday. “This is not the first time black churches have been attacked.”
Obama's statements are tragically similar to those made by former President Bill Clinton in a 1996 radio address after white supremacists went on a burning spree on black churches in the south. "In our country, during the fifties and sixties, black churches were burned to intimidate civil rights workers," Clinton said. "I have vivid and painful memories of black churches being burned in my own state when I was a child."
"This is not the first time black churches have been attacked.” -President Obama, 2015
On too many occasions deep into the 20th century, preachers and congregants would arrive service on Sunday mornings only to find ash and rubble instead of the building where they worshipped. For 18 months from 1995 to 1996, more than 30 black churches were destroyed or damaged by arsonists.
In their speeches, both Obama and Clinton invoke Martin Luther King’s words to ease the pain and hope for a brighter tomorrow. America continues to sweep the smoldering history of terrorism on black churches and lives under the rug. Just as outlets insisted the church burnings in the 1990's were religious issues and not black issues, media today will insist that this isn't terrorism.
"I have vivid and painful memories of black churches being burned in my own state when I was a child.” - President Clinton, 1996
“We must never allow that to happen again,” Clinton told the nation referencing the four little girls killed in the 16th Street Church bombing in Birmingham in 1963.
Well, it did happen again. This time, it’s in a black Charleston church during worship. This time, in 2015, a nationwide paralysis on issues of race has become deadly once again.
Here's the full transcript of Bill Clinton's 1996 speech below:
Good morning. This morning I want to talk with you about a recent and disturbing rash of crimes that harkens back to a dark era in our Nation's history. Just 2 days ago, when the Matthews-Murkland Presbyterian Church in Charlotte, North Carolina, was burned to the ground, it became at least the 30th African-American church destroyed or damaged by suspicious fire in the South in the past 18 months. And over the past few months, Vice President Gore has talked with me about the pain and anguish these fires in his home State of Tennessee have caused. Tennessee, sadly, has experienced more of them than any other State in the country. We do not now have evidence of a national conspiracy, but it is clear that racial hostility is the driving force behind a number of these incidents. This must stop.
It's hard to think of a more depraved act of violence than the destruction of a place of worship. In our country, during the fifties and sixties, black churches were burned to intimidate civil rights workers. I have vivid and painful memories of black churches being burned in my own State when I was a child. In 1963 all Americans were outraged by the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham that took the lives of four precious young children. We must never allow that to happen again.
Every family has a right to expect that when they walk into a church or synagogue or mosque each week they will find a house of worship, not the charred remnants of a hateful act done by cowards in the night. We must rise up as a national community to safeguard the right of every citizen to worship in safety. That is what America stands for.
As President, I am determined to do everything in my power to get to the bottom of these church burnings as quickly as possible. And no matter how long it takes, no matter where the leads take us, we will devote whatever resources are necessary to solve these crimes. Today, more than 200 Federal agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the FBI are working with State and local authorities to solve these cases. Fire investigators, national response teams, polygraph examiners, and forensic chemists are combing through fire sites, interviewing witnesses, and following leads. A task force chaired by our Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, Deval Patrick, and our Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, James Johnson, is coordinating these efforts. FBI Director Louis Freeh and ATF Director John Magaw are also serving on the task force. To date there have been a number of arrests. Two of those in custody are known members of the Ku Klux Klan. So we are making progress, but we must do more.
That is why today I am announcing four steps we are taking to fight back. First, I have asked the task force to report back on their progress and to let me know if there are other actions the Federal Government can take beyond those underway to stop these crimes. Second, I have instructed the ATF to inform churches of any steps they can take to protect themselves from arsonists. Churches throughout the South will be visited by ATF special agents to answer any questions church leaders and parishioners may have. We are also making this information available to national church organizations for distribution to their members. Third, I am announcing my support for the bipartisan legislation introduced by Congressmen John Conyers and Henry Hyde to make it easier to bring Federal prosecutions against those who attack houses of worship.
I look forward to working with Congress to make it even stronger. And finally, I'm announcing that we are establishing a new toll-free number that is now available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If you have information about who is responsible for these churches fires, please call it. It's 1-888-ATF-FIRE. That's 1-888-ATF-F-I-R-E.
In the end, we must all face up to the responsibility to end this violence. We must say to those who would feed their neighbors what Martin Luther King called "the stale bread of hatred and spoiled meat of racism." That is not America; that is not our way. We must come together, black and white alike, to smother the fires of hatred that fuel this violence.
I am pleased that the National Council of Churches of Christ, one of the largest interfaith groups in the country, has spoken out against these crimes and is mobilizing to assist in the rebuilding of damaged churches. I encourage communities everywhere where churches have been burned to roll up their sleeves and help the folks there to rebuild their churches.
Religious freedom is one of the founding principles of our democracy, and the black church has historically been the center of worship, self-help, and community life for millions of families in our country. That's why it was so hard for Reverend Terrence Mackey to break the news to his daughter last June when they woke to find an ash-scarred field in the spot where only the day before stood their church home, Mount Zion AME Church in Greeleyville, South Carolina. Reverend Mackey reassured his daughter with these words--he told her, "They didn't burn down the church. They burned down the building in which we hold church. The church is still inside all of us." On June 15th, Reverend Mackey, his daughter, and his congregation will march from the site of the old church to a brand new building. And all Americans will march with them in spirit.
We must all do our part to end this rash of violence. America is a great country because for more than 200 years we have strived to honor the religious convictions, the freedom, the extraordinary religious diversity of our people. The only way we can succeed in the 21st century is if we unleash the full power of those convictions and that diversity and refuse to let anything divide or defeat us.
Thanks for listening.