Liquid Nicotine In E-Cigarettes Could Be Deadly

03/24/2014 05:20pm ET | Updated March 24, 2014
MIAMI, FL - SEPTEMBER 06: Chloe Lamb tries a flavor of E liquid in her electronic cigarette as she shops for a flavor at the Vapor Shark store on September 6, 2013 in Miami, Florida. E-cigarette manufacturers have seen a surge in popularity for the battery-powered devices that give users a vapor filled experience with nicotine and other additives, like flavoring. (Photo by Joe Raedle/Getty Images)

Vials of poison are lurking in nearly every corner bodega. And according to reports, they're hidden beneath the flashy exteriors of e-cigarettes, the popular alternative to traditional smokes.

The New York Times exposed the latest dangers of liquid nicotine -- the juice used to refill e-cigarettes -- and warned parents of its potentially fatal effects in the hands of children. If the liquid is ingested or absorbed by contact with skin, it can lead to seizures and, potentially, death. “A teaspoon of even highly diluted e-liquid can kill a small child,” the outlet notes.

Some officials shared their concerns.

“It’s not a matter of if a child will be seriously poisoned or killed,” Lee Cantrell, director of the San Diego division of the California Poison Control System, told the Times. “It’s a matter of when.”

Based on anecdotal evidence, e-cigarettes are commonly believed to be a “healthier” alternative to traditional tobacco cigarettes; however, the Food and Drug Administration has yet to conduct a conclusive study on its health effects.

Due to a lack of federal regulations on e-cigarette devices, the exact health consequences of inhaling vaporized nicotine are unknown. In addition, the FDA notes "it is not known if e-cigarettes may lead young people to try other tobacco products, including conventional cigarettes."

(According to a recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study, more than 1.7 million middle-school and high-school students tried e-cigarettes in 2012.)

Poison control centers across the country have reported spikes in calls related to nicotine poisoning. In Minnesota, for example, the state’s poison control center experienced a tenfold increase in reports of children and teens being poisoned by e-cigarette juice in 2013 compared to the previous year, the Star Tribune reported.

“We think of concentrated nicotine as a very serious poison, equivalent to dangerous prescription drugs,” Stacey Bangh, clinical supervisor of the poison center at Hennepin County Medical Center, told the news outlet.

So, what should you do if a child comes in contact with the liquid?

A report by Oklahoma's KJRH tells parents to call the poison control center ASAP:

If the liquid was swallowed, DO NOT induce vomiting. However, if there is skin contact, it is important to quickly wash the area thoroughly with mild soap and lots of water. And, to protect children from exposure in the first place, parents are urged to keep e-cigarettes and the solutions used to refill them far out of reach of children.