Europe’s Last Great Wilderness Boasts the Cleanest Air in the World

Europe’s Last Great Wilderness Boasts the Cleanest Air in the World
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As I walked out of the plane and down the air-stairs towards the tarmac at Kittilä Airport I was suddenly very aware of my breathing. Cold, crisp, and clean the cool night air coursed through my lungs like a refreshing tonic; a hint of spruce pine scented the darkness that surrounded me.

Although unaware of the statistics I’d overhear at dinner later on that evening, I was actually breathing in some of the cleanest air in the world and having just arrived from a fog-shrouded London the clarity was instantly apparent.

Timo Veijalainen

Hidden away in the far north of Finnish Lapland the municipality of Muonio sits aside Pallas-Yllästunturi, Finland’s third-largest National Park, and is noted for its varied natural features.

Encompassing terrain from Northern Finland, Forest Lapland and Fell Lapland, Pallas-Yllästunturi is a rich melting pot of landscapes, flora, and fauna, and in 2016 meteorologists recorded the cleanest air on earth from the top of a local fell putting the park firmly on the world map.

Holding just 4 microgrammes of particles of under 10 micrometres per cubic metre (in contrast the world’s dirtiest city, Nigeria’s Onitsha, there are almost 600 microgrammes), it is perhaps thanks to a combination of its rural location, the wealth of plant life in the region, and the collective consciousness of local residents that the air in Muonio is officially cleanest in the world.

Finnish Lapland Offers a Restorative Retreat

Not wanting to miss out on the opportunity to make the most of this unique atmospheric offering my Lappish itinerary was focused around outdoor activity. Basing myself at a self-catered apartment in nearby Akaslompolo my stay began with a morning of snow sports at the Kellokas Visitor Centre.

With the outside temperature at a bone chilling -11 degrees Celsius I layered up and tried my hand, for the very first time, at cross-country and forest skiing, snowshoeing, and winter biking on fat bikes.

If like me you’ve never tried fat biking I recommend that you take the opportunity when you can. Touted as the juggernaut of bicycles their fat tyres give them a versatility and roll-over ability that is perfect for soft powdery snowscapes and I was surprised by how easy they were to manoeuvre across deep snow that I’d previously sunk into when walking.

By lunchtime I was in need of sustenance. Fortunately Lapland’s clean air also assists in the cultivation of some of the most nutrient rich fruits and berries in the world; another reason that the region should be number one on your bucket list in 2017.

Finnish Superfoods are the Fuel Your Body Craves

I was lucky enough to eat at quite a wide range of Finnish restaurants during my stay. Often using only Lappish and Finnish produce the food in Lapland tastes clean, that’s the only way I can describe it. Free from pollutants and grown in unfettered, nutrient-rich soil there was something that set each meal apart from those I’d eaten elsewhere in Europe, and I’m certain its thanks to the provincial flavours sourced from the surrounding landscapes.

Lingonberries, reindeer meat, bilberries, alpine sweet grass, line-caught fish, nettles, sea buckthorn, and forest strawberries. All graced the menus of every restaurant I visited and at Aurora Estate young chef Sirly Schinmann had modern Finnish food down to a fine art. Combining smoked reindeer with jäkälä, a Nordic lichen the animals graze on in the forest, she’d successfully transferred the flavours of the scene outside onto my plate.

Lappish life is rooted in tradition

While my first morning in Lapland was a haze of snow sport activity, the remainder of my stay focused on activities more akin to those of the traditional Lappish lifestyle.

Since long before the last ice age man had to develop the means to survive in Finland’s harsh environments, especially in northern Finland and Lapland. Yet despite the industrial revolution bringing with it applications of traditional techniques and natural materials, those implemented thousands of years ago are often still regarded as the best.

For example, I spent my entire trip walking around in a pair of snow boots that are rated to temperatures of up to -30 degrees and I saw a number of locals wearing the same brand. However I was told by 4th generation ice fisherman Jari Rossi that when the temperature dips below -30, and it often does in the depth of winter, local people defer to wearing traditional boots, coats, and gloves made of reindeer hide.

There’s just nothing man-made that can beat the Mother Nature’s design - Jari Rossi

Arctic animal experiences are incredible

Hailing from East Anglia, a county of green fields and quaint waterways in the UK, my sightings of animals like husky dogs and reindeer were limited until I arrived in Lapland. Once relied upon as a primary source of food, fuel, and transportation, reindeer are interwoven into the fabric of Lappish living and for southerners like me the chance to see these wary creatures in their own environment is just one of many reasons to venture north.

As I gazed out from my window seat on route back to London I couldn’t help but feel moved by my experience of the last three days. Lapland’s landscapes so rich and its environment so pure had me planning a return trip, writing blog posts in my head, and social media updates to inspire others to visit. Yet with every new visitor to the region comes a growing number of carbon footprints muddying the landscape, each one threatening to stamp out Lapland’s clean credentials.

For how much longer will it hold the title of ‘Cleanest air in the world’? I’m not sure, but I can tell you it won’t be long until I can no longer resist the urge to return.

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