Why Facebook Paid An Astonishing Sum For WhatsApp In 2 Charts

You may never have heard of WhatsApp, the messaging service which Facebook on Wednesday announced it had purchased for a jaw-dropping $19 billion, but a lot of people, especially in India, Latin America and Europe, have.

And they use it. A lot.

WhatsApp customers send a whopping 19 billion messages each day. Yes, that's billion. With a "b."

To put that huge number in perspective -- more WhatsApp messages were sent and received in 2013 than SMS messages were sent and received on all U.S. and Chinese wireless carriers combined, according to data from Chetan Sharma Consulting, a Washington-based firm that advises mobile carriers.

whats app chart 2

The rise of over-the-top (OTT) messaging services like WhatsApp, Snapchat, Viber, WeChat, Tango, and even Apple's iMessage has been accompanied by a decline in traditional text messaging. Unlike SMS messages, which can count toward an allotment determined by your carrier, OTT messages can be sent over Wi-Fi or data networks. This makes these apps great tools for communicating quickly and cheaply with family and friends who may live in other countries.

As the below chart shows, SMS usage, or traditional text messaging, peaked in 2012 and has been declining since.
whats app chart 2

And, at least in the short-term, these trends show no sign of letting up. WhatsApp, according to Facebook, signs up over 1 million new people each day.