Fall Prevention: 3 Lifestyle Choices That May Curb Accidents

patient with broken leg in cast
patient with broken leg in cast

The United States Preventive Services Task Force has weighed in on health issues such as prostate cancer screenings. Now the government panel is turning its focus on fall prevention, naming three lifestyle choices that can curb accidents in older people who live in assisted care facilities.

Taking vitamin D supplements was one of the fall prevention recommendations from the Task Force published in the Annals of Internal Medicine (though The New York Times notes the recommendation is not warmly received by other health organizations). After nine trials the Force found taking 800 I.U. of vitamin D daily reduced spills by 17 percent. Very few foods are naturally rich with the vitamin, but you can get your vitamin D fix by eating fatty fish (such as salmon and mackerel) and drinking milk along with taking supplements.

Exercise or physical therapy were also reported to have "moderate benefit" in the Task Force's study:

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommends that older adults get at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes per week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, as well as muscle-strengthening activities twice per week.

Adding three or more days of doing balance exercises such as tai chi to a workout may also help, especially for adults who are at a higher risk of falling due to an earlier slip or difficulty walking.

Finally, the Force recommended doctors observe and talk to their patients about their history to identify those with a higher risk of falling. If fall prevention is a serious concern for you, make it a point to speak to your doctor about it at your next appointment.

Fall prevention becomes increasingly important with age. The CDC reports that one in three adults 65 or older falls every year and one-quarter of seniors who suffer hip fractures die the following year, according to Cayuga Medical Center.

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