HUFFINGTON POST

In Huge Win For Elephants, Hong Kong Finally Vows To 'Phase Out' Ivory Sales

The city is the world's largest retail market for ivory.
Seized ivory tusks in Hong Kong on May 15, 2014. On Wednesday, the city said it would be phasing out ivory sales. 
Seized ivory tusks in Hong Kong on May 15, 2014. On Wednesday, the city said it would be phasing out ivory sales. 

With 30,000 African elephants killed every year for their ivory, putting the species at a real and imminent risk of extinction, activists have called for the dismantling of the global ivory trade. 

“Ivory is beautiful,” conservationist Rory Young told The Huffington Post back in 2014. “The problem is, we just can’t do this anymore.”

This week, animal rights activists are celebrating a huge win in this fight.

Hong Kong, said to be the world’s largest retail market for ivory, announced that it would be phasing out the sale of legal ivory in the city.

According to CNN, Hong Kong's leader, Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying, said in his annual policy address Wednesday that the government will “phase out the local ivory trade.” He also vowed to “impose heavier penalties on smuggling and illegal trading of endangered species.”

Alex Hofford of WildAid Hong Kong, an organization that has campaigned for the ban of ivory in the city for years, told CNN that the group was “absolutely delighted” at the "fantastic” news. 

Imports and exports of ivory have been banned in Hong Kong since 1989 when international trading in ivory was outlawed; however, the city has about 400 licensed sellers who are allowed to trade in the material.

Last year, a report by WildAid revealed how the loop-holes of this legal ivory market fuels ivory smuggling and elephant poaching.

“Hong Kong ivory traders are no more than proxy killers of African elephants and have been operating under the nose of the authorities with complete impunity from the law for decades,” Hofford, coauthor of the report, said in October.

Another 2015 report by Save the Elephants revealed just how robust Hong Kong's ivory trade is.

“No other city surveyed has so many pieces of ivory on sale as Hong Kong,” Esmond Martin, the report's co-author, told Discovery News. More than 30,000 items, mainly jewelry and figurines, were discovered in 72 stores there.

The Save the Elephants report also described Hong Kong as the world’s third-largest smuggling hub for ivory after Kenya and Tanzania.

The city is an important transit point for ivory smuggled from Africa to Asia -- particularly mainland China, the world’s largest consumer of illegal ivory. More than 90 percent of ivory sales from Hong Kong stores were to buyers from mainland China, the report found. 

“Hong Kong has always been the dark heart of the ivory trade,” Hofford told CNN this week. “This is where you place an order for poaching in Africa.”

Ivory tusks seized during an anti-smuggling operation in Hong Kong in 2012. 
Ivory tusks seized during an anti-smuggling operation in Hong Kong in 2012. 

Activists have said that to save African elephants from extinction, global action against poaching has to be taken immediately.

“This species could be extinct in our lifetime, within one or two decades, if the current trend continues,” Dune Ives, senior researcher at the philanthropic organization Vulcan, told The Guardian last March. “In five years we may have lost the opportunity to save this magnificent and iconic animal.”

 

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