The Iranian nuclear deal should be hailed as one of the greatest diplomatic successes in Obama's tenure. The comprehensive deal will prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, require constant inspections by the IAEA, and will alleviate some sanctions upon Iran.
This deal is a victory not for Iran, not for the United States, but for those who are willing to negotiate. This deal illustrates that we can work with those whom we have had a contentious relationship with, and that the past does not necessarily determine the future. Hardliners on both sides have not been allowed to hijack the negotiations despite significant attempts. President Rouhani and Obama both have stood for their campaign promises on this issue, promises that the have allowed a contentious relationship to slowly be mended.
Many hardliners from the United States, Iran and Israel have been against the deal. These hardliners believe that negotiation is never the option, rather war is inevitable and they should prepare for it. The Americans and the Israelis against the deal rightly are critical of Iran's support for Hezbollah. believing that Iran must stop its 'state sponsorship of terrorism.' While it is nearly undeniable that Iran has been supporting these groups, this framework allows for further negotiations in the near future on the sponsoring of these divisive groups. The prime minister of Israel claimed that any negotiations with Iran must include Iran recognizing Israel's right to exist, which is something far from possible due to the current political climate. Iran's hostile rhetoric toward Israel is certainly something that is not helpful to easing current tensions, but how often is the rhetoric from the right-wing Israeli government criticized?
Moderates around the world have proclaimed this deal to be a step in the right direction. Netanyahu and the right-wing Israeli government have never been in favor of peace. Netanyahu garners his support from the right-wing contingent of Israel, as do more extreme Iranian politicians like the former president of Iran, Ahmadinejad. These leaders do not support peace for they know it will not promote support in their base, something that is not exclusive to these countries alone.
All this withstanding, there is obvious legitimate criticism of the Iranian regime. It puts to death more people per capita than any other country, The Guardian reports, and the Iranian government strictly curtails freedom of information. We can acknowledge that the Iranian government has a draconian religious police among other issues, but that does not mean that they cannot be negotiated with. Iran has never declared war on any state, and knows that doing so would likely have major repercussions at home.
The Republicans, under their right wing hero Ronald Reagan, negotiated with the 'evil empire,' also known as the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was clearly more of a threat than Iran, and had engaged in a plethora of hostile acts, yet the United States continuously communicated with them. If we had not the world would likely have experienced nuclear war, nuclear war that would have eradicated all human life on this planet.
So the next time the hard-liners and warmongers oppose any deals with Iran or any other 'hostile state', we must remember that it is easy to negotiate with our allies, it is essential to negotiate with our enemies. It is essential that we make these hard decisions and hard choices for a more prosperous and a more stable future.