Krueck + Sexton: Designing for the Everglades

A new, 375,000 square-foot FBI office building in Miramar, Fla. has returned a developer's 18-inch-deep, gravel-encrusted site back to the Everglades.

"We realized early that man's encroachment had basically eviscerated the ecosystem," says Mark Sexton, partner in Chicago-based Krueck + Sexton Architects. "Someone had filled the Everglades in with gravel, as if to say: 'Here, build on this - if you can drive on it, you can build on it."

So they reverted to the property to its original use.

FBI Building, Miramar, Fla., Krueck + Sexton Architects

"What the land was is what it always wants to be: a natural Everglades," he says. "So we wanted to create a secure emphasis and make it one with the natural habitat, knowing that nature would come back with flora and fauna and wildlife."

The firm won the commission for the building in a two-phase process. In the second phase, six firms were left in the running. Among them were Foster + Partners, Thomas Phifer, Jahn Architect, Rex, and Asymptote.

"They were fairly tough competitors," he says.

FBI Building, Miramar, Fla., Krueck + Sexton Architects

Two months after they'd won the commission, they submitted three proposals to a jury of architects serving as peer reviewers. One suggested a single, 13-story structure, another offered a pair of seven-story buildings with a connector, and still another proposed a three story structure with a larger footprint.

"They came back with the seven-story plan they deemed the most appropriate," he says. "They liked the balance of creating an image of contemporary architecture and still preserving the land, which is very precious."

FBI Building, Miramar, Fla., Krueck + Sexton Architects

The new building now houses 750 to 800 FBI employees, with a capacity for 1,000. It came in at about $194 million, including construction, land acquisition and project management.

Architect of record was Gensler; phase two design/build was by Hensel Phelps; photos by Nick Merrick @ Hedrich Blessing.

J. Michael Welton writes about architecture, art and design for national and international publications, and edits a digital design magazine at, where portions of this post first appeared. He's also the author of "Drawing from Practice: Architects and the Meaning of Freehand," published in May by Routledge Press.