In Laos, An Invisible Minority Is Finding Its Voice

The predominantly-Buddhist country has made progress in recognizing its emerging LGBT community.
Devotees splash water on Buddhist monks during the Songkran festival in Luang Prabang, Laos, in April 2008. Homosexuality is
Devotees splash water on Buddhist monks during the Songkran festival in Luang Prabang, Laos, in April 2008. Homosexuality is not criminalized in the communist country, but laws and policies are silent on LGBT issues.

This is the ninth part of a 10-part series on LGBT rights in Southeast Asia, which uncovers the challenges facing the LGBT community in the region and highlights the courageous work of activists there.


If there is one word to describe the LGBT community in Laos, the landlocked nation sandwiched between Thailand and Vietnam, it might just be “invisible.”

Laos, like Vietnam, is one of the world's few remaining communist states. And, like its neighbor, it has been strictly ruled by its communist government since 1975.

The country, which is predominantly Buddhist, has been condemned in recent years for its abysmal human rights record. The Department of State said in 2013 that “societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and against persons with HIV/AIDS” was prevalent, among other abuses of human rights.

Activists say finding a safe space for discourse about LGBT issues has been challenging given this political environment. “‘LGBT’ is still abstract terminology, yet to be clearly identified to the eyes and ears of the public,” Anan Bouapha, who is often referred to as the leader of the country's nascent LGBT movement, tells The Huffington Post.

Still, there has been limited progress in recognizing the LGBT community. 

The government has taken steps in recent years to include gay men and transgender people in its National Strategy And Action Plan for HIV/AIDS prevention. A few awareness-raising events, including the country’s first gay pride event in 2012, and its first ever International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia held earlier this year, also hint at a slight moving of the needle.

“Many people might think that Laos is conservative and extremely close-minded when it comes to LGBT issues. Realistically, our culture and mentality seem to be quite open-minded to people from all walks of life,” Bouapha says. “I have seen many transgender people wearing traditional costumes to temples, attending traditional ceremonies and some gay students expressing his identity among his peers and teachers.”

Homosexuality is not criminalized in Laos. The country’s laws, however, are silent on LGBT rights.

Bouapha says increasing the visibility of the LGBT community is the “most essential” step to furthering progress.

“Only then can we can start talking about equal access to proper education, employment with no discrimination and stigma," he says, "and the path to meaningful participation in national development.”

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