LGBTQ Homeless Fear Violence, Illness As Coronavirus Shuts Shelters

Advocates say the closures will have a devastating impact on the queer community's most vulnerable members.

NEW YORK, March 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The corona virus is causing the closure of homeless centers across the United States, putting LGBT+ people without housing at increased risk of suicide, health complications or hate crimes, according to homelessness experts.

Homeless centers said they have been forced to shut their doors in order to follow safety precautions over social distancing as enforced by international governments and health organizations.

There are about 10,000 shelters for homeless people in the United States with an estimated 250 LGBT+ centers, largely in metropolitan areas, according to The National Coalition for the Homeless, a network of homelessness advocates.

There are currently no estimates on the exact number of shelters closed in recent weeks due to the coronavirus outbreak.

Liyanni Smith, who is in a program for at-risk LGBT+ homeless youth in Philadelphia, said the closures would have a devastating impact.

鈥淭he fact they won鈥檛 be available, on top of not having safe spaces to go to, is going to end up pushing the limits of a lot of LGBT homeless youths鈥 health,鈥 Smith, 18, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.

鈥淲hen things like this happens, it could really take our lives,鈥 added Smith, who has been in a homeless-at-risk program for LGBT+ youth since last September.

The United States has an estimated 552,830 homeless people, according to a 2019 report by the Council of Economic Advisers, an agency within the Executive Office of the President of theUnited States.

There is little data on rates of LGBT+ homelessness but a 2017 study by the University of Chicago found young LGBT+ adults had a 120% higher risk of being homeless compared to youth who identified as heterosexual.


Osimiri Sprowal, 22, from Philadelphia, who was homeless on-and-off for about a year and a half until last October, said the government鈥檚 advice to self isolate and not mingle could put more LGBT+ onto the streets as many gay and trans people survived by couch surfing with friends.

鈥淚f you鈥檙e worried about getting sick and being around people, you鈥檙e not going to want people to stay at your house,鈥 Sprowal told the Thomson Reuters Foundation in a phone interview.

鈥淢y heart鈥檚 breaking - it鈥檚 devastating. LGBT people are going to be on the streets.鈥

MaDonna Land, program director of Tony鈥檚 Place, an LGBT+ homeless drop-in center in Houston, Texas, which has temporarily closed, voiced concerns that the pandemic will exacerbate the risk of physical and sexual assaults on LGBT+ homeless.

Nearly one-fifth of 7,120 hate crime incidents in the United States reported in 2018 stemmed from LGBT+ bias, according to the FBI鈥檚 latest Hate Crime Statistics report.

鈥淲ith a situation like this, where the police are scarce and supply is scarce, that increases their vulnerability because there鈥檚 no one checking,鈥 said Land.

Campaigners said services for homeless LGBT+ people would also suffer as options for shelter dwindled, and this could impact access to essential medication, such as HIV treatment.

鈥淎 third of our clients have HIV,鈥 said Kate Barnhart, the executive director of New Alternatives, a New York-based LGBT+drop-in center that has remained open so far.

鈥淚f they don鈥檛 get this, I don鈥檛 know what will happen.鈥

In neighboring Mexico, where homophobia remains widespread despite recent advances on LGBT+ rights, advocates say they鈥檝e seen a spike in the number of gay and trans youth forced out of home as well.

Alex Orue, executive director of LGBT+ youth suicide prevention campaign It Gets Better Mexico, said he has received 15 cases in the last two weeks of lesbian, gay, bi or trans youth being kicked out onto the streets.

鈥淚t鈥檚 not that there are new problems emerging (in Mexico) - it鈥檚 that this pandemic has come to throw gasoline on the crises we already had,鈥 said Orue.

鈥淔or any young person, but in particular a young LGBT+ person, the risks that come with being out on the street are multiplied.鈥

Some LGBT+ homeless centers in the U.S. have started to move some services online, including case management, educational and career support and behavioral counseling.

Sherilyn Adams, executive director of Larkin Street Youth Services in San Francisco, a nonprofit that offers housing programs for LGBT+ homeless youth, said homeless LGBT youth would struggle in social isolation or loss of a community.

鈥淧laces to gather, places to see peers are important - especially for young people. We want those things to sustain or come back, whenever that can happen safely,鈥 said Adams.

(Reporting by Matthew Lavietes in New York and Oscar Lopez in Mexico City; Editing by Belinda GoldsmithPlease credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers the lives of people around the world who struggle to live freely or fairly. Visit

A HuffPost Guide to Coronavirus

Popular in the Community


What's Hot