Liberal Theology and the Uncertainness of God

Unitarian Universalism (UU) often gets chided as "Theological Switzerland" or "they can believe whatever they want to believe." This criticism has aspects that resonate with our reality while missing the point of liberal faith. Plurality of belief reflects the world we actually live in. Our theology, liberal theology, is seeking ways to speak to this truth.

Our UU theology is rooted in our six sources. Although our sources themselves are not strictly a theology, they ground us in our religious meaning. Any theology would need to reckon with them to be true to our core. Here they are more simply put: Transcendent mystery and wonder moves us to a renewal of spirit. Prophetic deeds challenge us to confront systems of oppression with compassion. All world religions hold wisdom to inspire our ethical and spiritual lives. Love our neighbors as ourselves. Reason and science warn us against idolatries of mind and spirit. We are part of this world and ought to live in harmony with it.

These sources don't answer whether we ought to believe in God or not; they frame the question and they frame the response. And that's part of the main reason for the most common critique of Unitarian Universalism. But our Six Sources are rich in very different ways. They give us space to be true to ourselves, to learn how to live into community, and hold a rich depth in themselves. And religious liberals would be hard-pressed to come up with a reason to disagree with any individual source -- except for maybe how we apply them.

Personally, I've been heavily inspired by the writings of James Luther Adams (JLA). He's a mid-20th century theologian, minister and academic from the U.S. who lived in Germany in the 1930s and was active in the clandestine resistance to the rise of Nazism. We often take our theologians out of context. And as I talk about his thoughts, keep his experience in Germany in mind.

After the breadth of his 40+ years of writing were complete, folks started pulling together bits and pieces of his thinking, jumbled them together, and came up with some pretty helpful combinations. One such is an essay on "The Five Stones." It's a metaphor back to David and Goliath. In the Jewish story, a teenager "David" manages to defeat the Giant named Goliath on the field of battle with a sling and five stones. It's a violent story, but a course of action that prevented two armies from colliding. There was one death instead of thousands. For JLA, the five stones become a metaphor for how we can combat systems of oppression in the world. What are the five things we can do that will unbind the oppressed? In modern language, how do we end Racism, Homophobia, Classism and Misogyny, to name a few.

What does our liberal faith say about living? I will paraphrase the much longer piece, which itself is an edit of a sort, using language that might be more familiar to us:
  1. Revelation is not sealed. In the unfolding of the human spirit we continuously experience life in new ways and so too does our experience of truth.
  2. Relationships between people ought to be free. Mutuality and consent are both ethical and theological principles.
  3. We have an obligation to work toward creating a Beloved Community. Our faith inspires us to the work of transformational community that is centered in justice and love. The prophethood of all believers has a corrective effect on systems of oppression.
  4. Each child that's born is another redeemer. We are all potential sources of good in the world and each have a role to play. Goodness happens in relationships with one another.
  5. We choose hope. Our resources, both sublime and mundane, hold all the capacity we need to transform the world.

This faith statement is central to our UU theology. If you are craving an affirmation or a negation of the nature or existence of God, I can only say again: That's not how we do theology. Our theology is one of testing and observation. When you have questions of purpose, belief or values, ask yourself: Does this thing or view leave room for the ongoing evolution of the human spirit? Does it draw me closer into a community that is mutually supportive? Does it seek to bring more harmony and more equity in those relationships -- even if the work is very difficult? Does it falsely make me forget that I have the capacity to live into this holy work? Does it remind me to live with hope?

Our theology is both a faith statement and a process of reflection. Our faith teaches us that we can expect to continue to be inspired, to learn from one another, and to seek out that spiritual growth. Wheresoever we freely choose to enter into communities with one another, we are doing sacred work -- not easy work, not convenient work, but holy work. In this we are obligated to vigilantly transform systems of oppression with acts of love and compassion. We all have the capacity to make this happen, and everything that we need to do so already exists. There is a reason to hope in this world.