SCIENCE

Mars Rover Landing PHOTOS: NASA Curiosity Lands In Gale Crater, Beams Back First Images

In this photo provided by NASA's JPL, this is one of the first images taken by NASA's Curiosity rover, which landed on Mars t
In this photo provided by NASA's JPL, this is one of the first images taken by NASA's Curiosity rover, which landed on Mars the evening of Sunday, Aug. 5, 2012, PDT. It was taken with a "fisheye" wide-angle lens on the left "eye" of a stereo pair of Hazard-Avoidance cameras on the left-rear side of the rover. The image is one-half of full resolution. The clear dust cover that protected the camera during landing has been sprung open. Part of the spring that released the dust cover can be seen at the bottom right, near the rover's wheel. On the top left, part of the rover's power supply is visible. Some dust appears on the lens even with the dust cover off. The cameras are looking directly into the sun, so the top of the image is saturated. The lines across the top are an artifact called "blooming" that occurs in the camera's detector because of the saturation. As planned, the rover's early engineering images are lower resolution. Larger color images from other cameras are expected later in the week when the rover's mast, carrying high-resolution cameras, is deployed. (AP Photo/NASA/JPL-Caltech)

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The initial Mars rover landing photos continue to amaze as Curiosity embarks on its historic mission on Mars.

NASA's highly anticipated landing went off without a hitch at 10:32 p.m. PDT on Aug. 5 (or for those watching across the east coast, at 1:32 a.m. EDT on Aug. 6).

Following its 354-million-mile journey, the the rover landed inside a Martian land formation called Gale Crater.

Minutes after touchdown, the one-ton SUV-sized rover beamed back photos of Mars' surface using its "fisheye" Hazard Avoidance Cameras -- called Hazcams -- according to NASA.

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In a statement released after the landing, John Grotzinger, project manager of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission, at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, added context for the image.

"Curiosity's landing site is beginning to come into focus," Grotzinger said. "In the image, we are looking to the northwest. What you see on the horizon is the rim of Gale Crater. In the foreground, you can see a gravel field. The question is, where does this gravel come from? It is the first of what will be many scientific questions to come from our new home on Mars."

On the top left of the photo, part of the rover's power supply is visible and some dust appears on the lens, although the dust cover has sprung open.

According to NASA, the photo is saturated because the camera is looking directly into the sun. The technical term for the lines that can be seen running across the top is "blooming," due to camera's detection of possible saturation. Color photos are expected later in the week.

The thrilling moment was heralded as the beginning of a new era in planetary exploration. Onlookers in New York City's Times Square were able to watch a live feed of mission control as the drama unfolded.

Cheers and applause could be heard at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory after it became clear that the high-tech exploration vehicle had survived the plunge through Mars' thin atmosphere. Superstitious flight controllers broke out their lucky peanuts before Curiosity took the plunge as part of a long-running tradition, the Associated Press reported.

The leaders of the successful control team were greeted like rock stars as they stood on stage, arms raised in triumph, for a press conference at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) Sunday night. The celebrations were so raucous, JPL director Charles Elachi had to plead for quiet in order for the conference to go on, SPACE.com reports.

In a statement issued shortly after the landing, President Obama, too, praised the efforts of those who made the scientific feat possible. "Tonight, on the planet Mars, the United States of America made history," Obama said.

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