Data, data, data.
LinkedIn has a huge amount of data on millions of members. Not quite as much data as do FB and GOOG, but MSFT has historically been behind the times in collecting data about current and prospective users of its software. Since so much of MSFT's business has historically been selling MS Office suites packages and other software to corporations, MSFT has for a long time had no insight into the ultimate end users of most of its products.
In theory, acquiring a company which has a lot of data would allow MSFT to better tailor its products to them, and compete with FB & GOOG in being able to target those customers.
From LinkedIn's perspective, it looks like a great deal because that company, too, was competing with FB & GOOG but has the problem of having a relatively weak balance sheet (it doesn't have the revenues or cash to compete, really, with either FB, GOOG, or MSFT).
- Enterprise Focus. Microsoft has always focused on owning the enterprise software space. From Windows, to Microsoft Office Suite, Office 365, Azure, SharePoint, BASIC, the list goes on. They've also continued to push assets such as their Surface tablet, or Skype communications, into professional use-cases and investing into projects such as HoloLens. LinkedIn will offer valuable products and services to Microsoft's enterprise customers to recruit employees, but also give them valuable data and insights into users, a powerful advertising network, Lynda.com, SlideShare, etc.
- Power of the LinkedIn Network. LinkedIn is a unique asset. They are the only professional social network that has achieved meaningful scale, and the network effects and data they collect on users is extremely powerful. To this day, LinkedIn has barely scratched the surface, and most of their revenue is coming from recruiting services. Yet they sit on a treasure chest of meaningful data on users - their resumes/work history, likes + comments, connections with other professionals, and traffic behavior. Microsoft will hopefully be able to monetize all of this in the years to come.
- Product Innovation + LinkedIn Network/Data = Profit? Arguably, LinkedIn has been slow at pushing out new products, features, and services. Their website has some laughable issues in the eyes of product engineers and design professionals, and from the naked eye you can tell that many features and extensions were poorly integrated. Perhaps joining forces with Microsoft can spur more innovation and better product development along side their valuable data and network effects.
- Acquisition Heavy. As of June 10th, Microsoft has about $108 billion in cash, cash equivalents, and short + long term securities. They've historically been one of the most aggressive tech companies in terms of acquisition strategy, having acquired Skype, Yammer, Nokia, Mojang, etc. in the past, all to the tune of billion dollar price tags. LinkedIn will be their biggest acquisition to date, but Microsoft has the cash and resources available to make big bets like this.
- Undervalued? For the $26.2 billion valuation, this equals approximately 8.1x trailing twelve month revenue of LinkedIn (3.2B revenue) and serves as a pretty large premium vs. the public comps on marketplaces (hovering around 5.1x TTM revenue). However, since November 2015, LinkedIn stock has been sliding south, losing around 60% in market cap around the lowest point in February 2016. These last six months was a window of opportunity for any of the tech titans to purchase a social network with almost half a billion users worldwide. Reminiscent of WhatsApp in many ways.
- LinkedIn: Is June 2016 a good time for LinkedIn to sell, given the recent decline in their stock price?
- Microsoft Acquires LinkedIn for $26.2 Billion: Is LinkedIn a good acquisition for Microsoft? Does it make strategic sense?
- Microsoft: Will Microsoft's acquisition of LinkedIn prove useful for Microsoft?