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Documents and data are becoming key ingredients for creating entry points into the news.
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For a glimpse at the future of news, cruise through the projects that won this year's Knight-Batten Awards for Innovations in Journalism. Their ideas are a beacon of hope for an otherwise beleaguered news industry.

Two themes predominate: transparency and creative technology. Crackerjack programmers and self-described "creative technologists" are behind many of the ideas that were honored.

"If you take a technology approach to a journalistic problem, you come up with new ways to tell a story," said Aron Pilhofer, editor of Interactive Newsroom Technologies at the New York Times and creator of the award-winning Document Reader.

Documents and data are becoming key ingredients for creating entry points into the news.

For symposium keynote panelist Ellen Miller -- whose Sunlight Foundation is making data openly available on a huge array of things, from government contracts and grants, to lobbyists, to congressional bills, and even to words used most frequently in the Congressional Record -- open records serve a vital role in the emerging ecosystem. "Technology is not a slice of the pie of what we do, it's the pan," she said.

Among the trends I observed this year:

* Lifting the veil on information. The winners built ways to track changes on government Web sites, fact-check assertions in presidential debates and mash data sets. "Transparency is the new objectivity," Miller said.

* Making up-to-the minute data accessible and easy to visualize and use. See (and soon search and annotate) documents on the New York Times' "Document Reader." Learn what single words surface in constituents' minds on Election Day through the Times' "Word Train." See the Twitter feeds that give insight to how ordinary people are experiencing the Great Recession in "Living with Less."

* Helping citizens track what their elected officials are up to. With the Times' "Represent" feature, you can track New York state and congressional officials by such things as their floor appearances and their Twitter comments.

* Engaging in collaboration and open sourcing instead of competition. The source codes for winners like ProPublica's ChangeTracker and the Document Reader are intended to be available to all. "Could we put together a recipe so any reporter could do this?" asked ChangeTracker developer Scott Klein.

What do you get when you start mashing the data collected for Patchwork Nation's 12 voter typologies with such things as the location of Whole Foods stores? More nuanced understanding of how people outside the orbit of Washington, D.C., are reacting to and processing changes in the country, says site founder Dante Chinni. "People in these communities understand there is a fundamental change going on."

Many of the winners have future aspirations for their projects. Andrei Scheinkman envisions a way to let his "Represent" project track not just office holders but also candidates vying for office.

Another aspiration is to lobby for government agencies and elected officials to make their data available online in ways that foster automated access.

Many of these creative technologists realize that they are not just building tools for citizens. Things like the Times' "Debate Analysis Tool" "was quite useful for our own reporters in house," said its creator Andrew DeVigal.

Even participatory blogs like Vaughn Hagerty's, which collects and answers questions from readers of the Star News in Wilmington, N.C., give journalists a "real-time window in our community and what [people] are interested in."

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