New York City Temperatures Reach Record Lows Due To Frigid Polar Vortex

NEW YORK, NY - JANUARY 03:  A woman walks through a cold and snow covered Times Square following a snow storm that left up to
NEW YORK, NY - JANUARY 03: A woman walks through a cold and snow covered Times Square following a snow storm that left up to 8 inches of snow on January 3, 2014 in New York, United States. The major winter snowstorm, which forced New York City public schools to close and shut down the Long Island Expressway, is being viewed as a test for the new mayor of New York City Bill de Blasio. Dangerously cold temperates are predicted for the day and evening hours. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)

By Aidan Gardiner

NEW YORK CITY — New Yorkers were urged to stay indoors and bundle up as arctic air froze the city, sending temperatures to near record lows Tuesday morning.

City agencies were coordinating cold weather efforts including putting emergency staff on standby, advising citizens on how to handle the cold and suspending alternate side parking, officials said.

The mercury had reached only 4 degrees by the morning commute - beating the coldest Jan 7 on record which was in 1896, according to a National Weater Service spokesman. The temperature that day was 6 degrees.

"With a dangerous cold snap and deadly wind chills predicted to blanket New York City this evening and tomorrow, I urge all New Yorkers to find a warm place to stay to avoid hypothermia, frost bite and other life-threatening health conditions," Mayor Bill de Blasio said in a statement late Monday.

The NWS also issued a wind chill advisory for the day because gusts up to 45 mph could make it feel much colder the the 6 degrees.

The chill began Monday night when cold air moved through the area followed by part of the Polar Vortex, a persistent swirling mass of air around the North Pole, according to NWS spokesman Joe Poolina.

"We had a cold front that moved through yesterday. Behind it we had arctic high pressure come through. The Polar Vortex is more or less always present, but we had a piece of it come down," Poolina said.

Temperatures were expected to rise to 24 degrees Wednesday and continue rising through the tail end of the week, according to Poolina.

In the meantime, here's how cold is affecting the city:

Schools and Students

Public schools are open, but kids should wear layers, according to the Department of Education.

Cold can create mechanical problems or delays for buses, the DOE warned, so parents should wait with their kids at the bus stop or give them a clear plan if the bus doesn't come.

Transit and Roads

Subways were running with scattered delays on the A, C, 2, 3, and 7 lines due to signal problems, according to the MTA's website.

Alternate side parking was suspended for Tuesday, according to the Office of Emergency Managment.

The MTA advised drivers on the Throgs Neck, Marine Parkway and Cross Bay bridges to drive slower because of the high winds.

Crews were out on other bridges and the Staten Island Ferry with anti-icing gear and other equipment, OEM said.

Amtrak trains were running on a modified schedule on both the North East Corridor and Empire lines because of the cold, the train service tweeted.

Look Out

"Vulnerable populations, such as seniors and infants, are most at risk during extreme weather events, so it's important to check on friends, family and neighbors if you think they need help getting to a warm place," the OEM said in a Monday statement.

For more weather news, check DNAinfo's weather page.