I traveled to Washington D.C. and stood with President Obama as he took measures to make our communities safer. Gun violence is not just a local problem or an inner-city problem --it's an American problem. 1.5 million Americans have been killed by gunfire on U.S soil since 1968.
That's more than the number of troops killed in all of our nation's wars since the nation's founding. Mass shootings rightfully command our attention, but we must recognize that in America we average 33 gun deaths daily. That amounts to a collective mass shooting every single day. America has a problem with gun violence.
Requiring all gun purchases to include a background check is a common sense, simple step, which will make it harder for criminals and those who intend to commit crimes to access firearms. The Obama Administration is also investing $500 million to increase access to mental health care offerings, which is a major factor. With expanded background checks and more resources for effective enforcement of existing gun laws, the President's actions are just some of the ways that we, as a country can reduce the gun violence that happens each and every day.
Boston is one of America's safest, large cities, and our 33 gun homicides this year are a historically low number. But yet, taken together, they would make up one of the deadliest mass shootings in U.S. history. And because these deaths are concentrated in a small number of communities, their traumatic impact is not so different from that of a mass shooting. Mayors and police chiefs see the fallout up close. We visit crime scenes and sit with families. We see the trauma, the impact on public health, on education, on job growth, on community pride and neighborhood well being. The inability of Congress to pass even the most common-sense measures, like background checks, is discouraging. But we can't allow ourselves to become apathetic. We have to ask why and how this is happening, and what we can do to stop it.
In Boston, we have gone all-in on police-community relations. We've created a Social Justice Task Force made up of clergy and community leaders, held Peace Walks in affected neighborhoods, and made our gun buyback a tool of community engagement. We've brought services to the highest-risk young people from the earliest age we can identify them. These actions have made a difference and we have had a steady stream of interest in our policies from other cities and from the U.S. Attorney General's office.
Ultimately, we have an issue of access to guns that originates far beyond the local community. Our police officers have taken 1,061 guns off the streets in 2014, and 785 guns in 2015. We're looking to make even more progress in 2016, but the guns keep coming. With nearly 70 percent of Boston's crime guns coming from outside Massachusetts, we know that this is not just a local issue, or an inner-city issue. Guns move across city and state lines and all too easily from legal ownership to criminal possession. We have to reach beyond city limits to find a solution. If we had a contaminated food supply, we would treat the sick and we would urge safety measures, but we would go much further. We would find the source of the contamination and clean it up without delay, even if that took us out of state. That's how we should treat gun violence as well. We do all we can to make our communities safe, but we have to move up the chain to find the source of the problem.
We have partnered with the Bloomberg Foundation's Everytown for Gun Safety, and with the Rappaport Institute at Harvard, to research the origins of crime guns in Boston. It showed that two-thirds of our crime guns come from states with weak gun laws. We have convened regional gun trafficking summits to forge data-sharing agreements with neighboring states, but we also found that nearly one-third of the crime guns recovered in Boston were first sold by federally licensed gun dealers right here in Massachusetts. The vast majority of those guns were not held by the original buyer, nor had they been reported as sold, lost, or stolen.
These findings are troubling--but they open a window for action. The law that the Legislature passed last year requires prior approval and registration of private gun sales. As the state ramps up enforcement, we will be able to stop legally purchased guns from becoming crime guns. Locally, we are starting the conversation. We sent a letter to every licensed gun owner in the City of Boston explaining the new law, promoting the buyback program, and offering a free gun lock as well as safety advice. One gun owner from Dorchester wrote back and said, "until your letter, we have been virtually excluded from the discussion of how to reduce violence." We expect legal gun owners to be valuable partners moving forward.
Another challenge is holding retailers, distributors, and manufacturers accountable for safe practices. To do so, we have joined with the nonprofit Arms with Ethics to create the Boston Responsible Gun Vendor Initiative. Local governments and law enforcement agencies are one of the industry's biggest markets, spending more than a billion dollars each year on guns and ammunition. Moving forward, bidders for gun contracts with the Boston Police Department will be scored on the measures they take to prevent straw purchases and theft, and we will offer all vendors support and advice on adopting and documenting best safety practices.
This year in the City of Boston, gun homicides are down considerably (a 13.5 per cent decrease from 2014), but shootings are slightly up (a 18 per cent increase from 2014 for non-fatal shootings). We should resist any temptation to see a non-fatal shooting as a minor event: children are growing up in our city believing that getting shot is a common occurrence. We must begin answering the tough questions, as well as asking them. We have the tools. We have the will. Let's not wait any longer. Let's make a difference together. Let's show the nation a way forward, out of this crisis.
For more information on gun trafficking in Boston, visit: ow.ly/WEUjD.