The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded on Monday to William C. Campbell, Satoshi Omura and YouYou Tu.
Campbell, an Irishman and research fellow emeritus at Drew University in Madison, N.J., and Japanese scientist Satoshi Omura, professor emeritus at Kitasato University, will receive half of the prize for their novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites.
They will share the prize with YouYou Tu, chief professor at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, for her work in significantly reducing the mortality rates of patients suffering from malaria. She is the 12th woman to receive the Nobel Prize in the medicine category.
"These two discoveries have provided humankind with powerful new means to combat these debilitating diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people annually," the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet said in a prepared statement. "The consequences in terms of improved human health and reduced suffering are immeasurable."
The trio will share the $960,000 prize money with one half going to Campbell and Omura, and the other to Tu, The Associated Press reported. Each winner will also receive a diploma and a gold medal at the award ceremony in December.
The Nobel Prizes in physics, chemistry and peace will be announced later this week. The economics prize will be announced next Monday; however, no date has been set for the literature prize.
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