In Part One of this two part series on looking back on how the Administration of Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has done since taking office one year ago (May 29, 2015), we examined some of the steps he has taken to combat corruption, protect his country's currency, and address other major economic issues such as falling oil prices, coupled with stepping back from a campaign promise not to remove the country's oil subsidy.
Part Two looks at some of the success his military has had in propagating the fight against Boko Haram, one of the deadliest terrorist groups in the world, and rescue some of its former captives. The northeast of Nigeria, in addition to the security uncertainty, is still home to a large number of internally displaces persons, with some 200,000 Nigerian refugees spread out over 3 different countries (Niger, Chad, and Cameroon).
Boko Haram Military Campaign, The Internally Displaced:
Nigeria's counterterrorism and military campaign against Boko Haram has had some gains over the last 8 months. The Nigerian military has retaken much of the territory that Boko Haram controlled and terrorized for more than two years. Nearly 800 civilians, who had been held captive by the group, have been either freed or found by the military.
President Buhari also has used his international goodwill to further secure resources, and assistance from international partners such as the U.S. (approximately $250 million, variety of programs); the United Kingdom (57 million); France, (with a pledge to provide, intelligence and training announced by President Holland in his May 2016 Nigeria visit); and, China, which rarely gets involved in these issues, saying it would assist in finding the Chibok girls.
Equally, and emotionally more important to the families, to the country and to all who cared and worried about the 276 Chibok girls for two years, the return of two of them in May, gave hope that many more might be found or released.
Certainly these changes and events are positive, but the threat by Boko Haram is far from being over. Boko Haram, as noted above, is one of the world's deadliest terrorist groups in the world (see Global Terrorism Index). Furthermore the other issue that is important from a national security perspective is that Boko Haram has "weaponized" more young girls and women than any other global terrorist group.
On internally displaced person's (IDP's), the number and needs are staggering, even though the Buhari Administration has provided funding to assist them, it falls well short (because the resources are not there) of the total monetary needs required to assist the 2.8 million IDP's.
Going forward over the next 12 months, the Nigerian people, the families of the Chibok girls, and the IDP's in the north are going to want to hear in Buhari's anniversary speech on May 29, 2016 what else is planned for the immediate future not only to improve the response to the IDP crisis; but what it plans to do to step-up its efforts to find the remaining Chibok girls, along with its continued military efforts to contain and combat Boko Haram.
A FEEEDS Series