Fall Toxins That Are Poisonous To Pets: Common Poison Control Emergencies

It's officially fall!

While you're admiring the changing leaves, setting up for Halloween and gathering fresh, crisp apples it's important to keep your pets' safety in mind. Adorable as they may be, our furry friends are always getting into some mischief.

In addition to the usual dangers like lilies (which can result in acute kidney failure in cats), onions, garlic and grapes (which can be toxic for both dogs and cats) there are some hazards that are just good to keep in mind as fall settles in if you own a pet.

The Huffington Post spoke with Dr. Tina Wismer, the medical director at the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) to find out what kinds of pet poison control calls vets typically see this time of year:

death cap mushrooms
Not every type though. Particularly the death cap mushroom (Amanita phalloides, shown), which can be found across the United States. Depending on what type of mushroom is ingested by your pet, symptoms can include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, depression, tremors, and seizures, with liver and kidney damage.

Red maple leaves
maple leaves
"Red maple leaves are only toxic to horses," said Dr. Wismer.

Apples and apple trees
apple tree
"The seeds, the bark and leaves of apple trees contain very small amounts of cyanide. It's not really a problem for dogs, cats and humans, but if you have a grazing animal that's going to eat large amounts of apples and apple seeds, like a horse, then it can be. We say the dose determines the poison."

Compost piles
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While good for your garden, compost piles are not the safest for your cat or dog. "Compost piles can grow molds that have toxins that can cause severe muscle tremors and seizures," said Dr. Wismer.

halloween chocolate
"This one is always big for dogs. If we're talking Halloween, chocolate is not for dogs."

Continuing on the Halloween candy theme, xylitol is a sugar-free sweetener that's found in a lot of sugar-free candies and gum. "It causes low blood sugar in dogs and possibly liver failure."

Rat poisons
rat poison
Dr. Wismer said it's best to not only remember where you put the rat poison, but to also be on the look out for rats and mice that like to come inside as the weather gets colder. "Depending on the kind used, it can cause seizures, internal bleeding and kidney failure."

Common cold medicines
"Acetaminophen, found in Tylenol; pseudoephedrine, found in many decongestants; dextromethorphan, found in many cough suppressants and ibuprofen are not good for pets."