Poll: Pandemic Hitting Black And Hispanic Americans Hardest Financially

It was previously known Black and Hispanic Americans are being hit hardest in terms of health, but a new poll indicates they are suffering the most financial pain as well.
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DETROIT (AP) People of color have not only been hit harder by the deadly coronavirus than have Americans overall, but they鈥檙e also bearing the brunt of the pandemic鈥檚 financial impact, according to a recent survey from the The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.

The financial picture is especially grim for Hispanic Americans, while some African Americans face the dual burden of being disproportionately affected by the virus itself while also struggling to pay bills due to the economic fallout.

The poll found that 61 percent of Hispanic Americans say they鈥檝e experienced some kind of household income loss as a result of the outbreak, including job losses, unpaid leave, pay cuts and fewer scheduled hours. That鈥檚 compared with 46 percent of Americans overall. Thirty-seven percent of Latinos and 27 percent of black Americans say they鈥檝e been unable to pay at least one type of bill as a result of the coronavirus outbreak. Only 17 percent of white Americans say the same.

鈥淚f our policies do not adequately address these shortfalls and the racial disparities in income, wealth, employment and wages, then we鈥檙e going to see the same pattern that we have seen historically,鈥 said Valerie Wilson, director of the left-leaning Economic Policy Institute鈥檚 program on race, ethnicity and the economy. 鈥淚t鈥檚 going to take much longer for these families to recover 鈥 if they ever recover economically.鈥

The survey, conducted in mid-April, found that 21 percent of Hispanics have been unable to make a rent or mortgage payment as a result of the outbreak, while 23 percent have been unable to pay a credit card bill. That compares with eight percent of white Americans in both cases. Black Americans are also slightly more likely than white Americans to have been unable to pay a credit card bill, at 15 percent.

NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 16: People wait on line outside of TD Bank on April 16, 2020, in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. During his daily news briefing on Thursday, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio proposed $2 billion in budget cuts beginning July 1 to balance the city's budget amid the coronavirus pandemic.
NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 16: People wait on line outside of TD Bank on April 16, 2020, in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. During his daily news briefing on Thursday, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio proposed $2 billion in budget cuts beginning July 1 to balance the city's budget amid the coronavirus pandemic.
David Dee Delgado via Getty Images

New Mexico resident Denise Abraham, a retired teacher and librarian, said her 34-year-old son has experienced a loss of income after he quit his restaurant job because he didn鈥檛 want to potentially expose his family to the virus.

鈥淎s a community, I don鈥檛 see a lot of anger, just a lot of sadness and worry about what鈥檚 to come,鈥 Abraham said, adding that she鈥檚 worried about the Navajo Nation and people who are in the country illegally becoming infected. 鈥淏ut what this shows now is who we really need and who鈥檚 really doing the labor to carry our economy. It鈥檚 always been on the shoulders of poor people.鈥

While income losses have hit Americans across the board, layoffs have been especially concentrated among lower income and less educated people. Twenty-eight percent of Americans without college degrees say they鈥檝e had a layoff in their household, compared with 19 percent of those with degrees.

Milwaukee resident Tamela Andrews was excited to start her new job a few months ago as an inventory specialist, serving some of the big box stores in her community. She and several others at her company were furloughed after the pandemic began. Andrews, a 51-year-old black woman, was able to land a different job, but she鈥檚 concerned for the future.

鈥淚 hope when things do go back to normal maybe the stores will have us back for our other jobs,鈥 Andrews said. 鈥淚t鈥檚 up in the air though and it鈥檚 really stressful to experience this.鈥

Along with the financial impact, people of color are also more likely to know someone close to them who has been diagnosed with COVID-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus. The poll found that 12 percent of Americans say they or a close friend or relative has been diagnosed. Among black Americans, 21 percent say they or someone close to them has been diagnosed.

A separate Associated Press analysis of available state and local data shows that nearly one-third of those who have died of COVID-19 are African American, with black people representing about 14 percent of the population in the areas covered in the analysis.

San Diego resident Cristina Hall, who identifies as Hispanic, said communities of color tend to have a cultural history of multiple generations of families living together. She believes those strong familial ties have put some at risk, as has work in jobs, such as those in the service industry, that require them to interface with the public.

鈥淚t鈥檚 frustrating,鈥 Hall, 41, said. 鈥淎ll of these protests all over the United States (to reopen state economies), who do you see? You don鈥檛 see people of color at those protests. It鈥檚 a sense of entitlement that they want this economy to open, not so they can necessarily go back to work but so that people of color can go back to work and take care of them.鈥

While the protests have garnered attention, the AP-NORC poll found that most Americans overwhelmingly support restrictions aimed at containing the virus and are taking personal actions to protect themselves from the coronavirus. Ninety-five percent say they鈥檙e both washing hands more frequently and staying away from large groups. African Americans are also more likely than either white or Hispanic Americans to say they鈥檙e wearing masks outside the home, 83 percent to 64 percent and 67 percent, respectively.

鈥淚 take it very seriously, because it鈥檚 an invisible killer,鈥 said Michael French, 62, of St. Paul, Minnesota, who says he wears a mask and gloves everywhere he goes. 鈥淏ut some people won鈥檛 until it affects them personally and then they鈥檒l wake up to the deadliness of this virus.鈥

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