Congress Bickers As Puerto Rico Edges Closer To A Default

The island is nearing a $422 million payment deadline on May 1.
A senior GOP aide says that House Speaker Paul Ryan aides are meeting with House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi aides Wednesday afternoon to try to get a bill moving that will help Puerto Rico avoid a massive default in just 11 days.
A senior GOP aide says that House Speaker Paul Ryan aides are meeting with House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi aides Wednesday afternoon to try to get a bill moving that will help Puerto Rico avoid a massive default in just 11 days.
Gary Cameron / Reuters

WASHINGTON -- As usual, Republicans aren鈥檛 talking to Democrats and Democrats aren鈥檛 talking to Republicans. This time, it's about legislation to help Puerto Rico restructure $70 billion in debt ahead of a critical May 1 deadline.

In an effort to break the ice, Republican and Democratic leadership aides met Wednesday afternoon with the House Natural Resources Committee and Treasury Department to discuss the bill, according to a senior GOP aide.

Puerto Rico -- home to more than 3 million American citizens -- could default on $422 million of debt in 11 days if Congress fails to act before leaving for recess at the end of the month. The island already defaulted on a portion of its debt in January and other smaller loans last year, but the looming May 1 payment, and another $780 million in general obligation bonds that comes due on July 1, is cause for major concern.

Puerto Rico鈥檚 debt crisis has been years in the making, and analysts warn it has the potential to disrupt municipal bond markets, leaving pensions and retirement funds exposed. Should the island default, the situation could become uglier and launch a number of lawsuits between bondholders and Puerto Rican utilities. And as the financial crisis in Puerto Rico has worsened, citizens have left for the U.S. mainland in numbers not seen in 50 years -- 84,000 moved in 2014 alone, a 38 percent increase from 2010.

Congressional leaders originally agreed to act on legislation by March 31. But that didn鈥檛 happen. Late last month, the House Natural Resources Committee, led by Chairman Rob Bishop (R-Utah), introduced a bill that would establish a control board to help Puerto Rico handle its finances, and, if deemed necessary, grant some restructuring powers to the commonwealth.

The initial reaction between party leaders and the White House was positive, with all sides issuing statements expressing small qualms with the legislation, but maintaining cautious optimism and an eagerness to work together.

Then reality sunk in.

Last week, the GOP-run Natural Resources Committee cancelled a markup on the bill -- it hasn't move since.

Both sides point at the other as the reason the legislation hasn鈥檛 gone anywhere. Democrats say this is yet another example of conservatives controlling -- and derailing -- the GOP agenda. Republicans say they delayed the bill to give Democrats and the Obama administration more time to sort out specific language.

鈥淲hen I called off the vote, the bill would have passed with our side alone,鈥 Bishop told HuffPost on Tuesday. 鈥淚 wasn鈥檛 going to make my people vote for it if the Democrats weren鈥檛 ready to vote for it at the same time.鈥

Asked what is the biggest issue blocking consideration now, Bishop told HuffPost that at this point, it鈥檚 just about letting members 鈥渇eel comfortable with it鈥 and letting them see what鈥檚 actually in the bill. (Republicans insist the legislation is not a bailout.) Bishop said he also needs time to combat some of the contentions outside lobbying interests have raised in opposition to the legislation.

Past that, Bishop said, negotiators are working on small issues -- things like the composition of a debt restructuring board and the majority needed for board actions.

鈥淚 think the basic outline of what we鈥檙e trying to do is going to remain intact,鈥 Bishop said. 鈥淢aybe a tweak here and there.鈥

House Natural Resources Committee Chairman Rep. Rob Bishop (left) is confident the bill to help Puerto Rico "is going to remain intact."
House Natural Resources Committee Chairman Rep. Rob Bishop (left) is confident the bill to help Puerto Rico "is going to remain intact."

But conservatives don鈥檛 see it that way.

Rep. Raul Labrador (R-Idaho), a leader of the House Freedom Caucus and a conservative who was actually born in Puerto Rico, told HuffPost on Tuesday that tweaks weren鈥檛 going to win over conservatives.

鈥淪mall changes won鈥檛 get us where we need to be,鈥 Labrador said. He added that while conservatives want a limited number of changes, those changes are significant.

What those changes are exactly, Labrador won't say. Asked if he won't publicly name the issues because they are less ideological changes and more adjustments that big banks and investors want, Labrador said, 鈥淚 don鈥檛 get goaded into talking about stuff.鈥

Labrador did say that Republicans should be shooting for at least 150 of the 246-member conference. 鈥淚t鈥檚 got to be Hastert-plus,鈥 Labrador said, referring to the informal Republican rule named after former Speaker Dennis Hastert (R-Ill.) that states bills shouldn鈥檛 pass without a majority of the majority. (鈥淚鈥檓 not that sure we should use Hastert anymore,鈥 Labrador said of the name of the rule.)

While conservatives want a few major changes, Democrats want vastly different ones before they sign off. House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) has expressed concern over the amount of control the oversight board will have over Puerto Rico鈥檚 ability to restructure, giving creditors a vote in those restructuring decisions, and whether the bill will raise the minimum wage on the island.

But one House Democratic leadership aide told HuffPost that Republicans are less concerned with the Democratic changes than with working out issues on their side -- and with the creditors who hold a large chunk of the island鈥檚 debt in municipal bonds. 鈥淭hey aren鈥檛 really talking to us at the moment,鈥 the aide said.

Another Democratic aide backed that up, saying they hadn't heard anything from Republicans since the committee adjourned last week.

鈥淭his is like a summer camp, where there鈥檚 a food fight on one side and they're more concerned about the food fight than the fire raging outside the camp,鈥 said Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-Calif.), chair of the House Democratic Caucus.

Rifts in the Republican ranks are an ongoing issue for the party. House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) entered his new post after conservatives in the caucus chased then-Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) out the door for not taking harder positions against the administration.

House Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (D-Md.) said on Tuesday that he believed Ryan and House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) were working in good faith on the Puerto Rico legislation. But he warned that this may not be a leadership issue.

鈥淭hey confront the same problem that John Boehner confronted,鈥 Hoyer said, adding that a 鈥渧ery significant鈥 number of Republican members won鈥檛 listen to their leaders.

Hoyer continued that he feared this latest Puerto Rican obstructionism was part of a pattern from Republicans, who blocked legislation on Hurricane Sandy relief, the water crisis in Flint, Michigan, and raising the minimum wage.

鈥淚 have grave concern about any attempt of Speaker Ryan to try to negotiate the nuts and bolts of this bill solely within his own caucus,鈥 said Rep. Joe Crowley of New York, the vice chairman of the Democratic Caucus.

A vote for the Puerto Rican debt restructuring is expected to be bipartisan. Bishop told HuffPost he still thinks the final product will get a majority of both Democrats and Republicans.

鈥淚 think at the end of the day, most of the Freedom Caucus will be along with it as well,鈥 Bishop said of the conservative House group. He added that he expects some to vote no, but that he has been in communication with the HFC and 鈥渢hey haven鈥檛 said, 鈥楬ell no.鈥欌

As for how fast the House and Senate can move the legislation, and whether they can beat the May 1 deadline, Bishop was optimistic.

鈥淧art of the oath of office you take when you become a senator is to be incompetent,鈥 Bishop said. 鈥淏ut even they recognize that this thing gets worse the longer you wait.鈥

UPDATE: 4:20 p.m. -- After meeting with Ryan Wednesday afternoon, members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus said little had changed. Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Texas) told HuffPost the discussion is ongoing, with "no resolution" to Democrats' concerns with the bill in sight.

Before You Go

Puerto Ricans Are Americans

Puerto Rico's Debt Crisis

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