<em>Rudderless</em>: A Conversation with William H. Macy, Plus Chats with Louis Michot, Music Maker's Tim Duffy, and a Lenachka Exclusive

William H. Macy: "Yes! Separate from the story we told and how well I might have succeeded or failed it's a life-changer because it's the first time I've directed a feature and at this point in my career it's completely new."
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A Conversation with William H. Macy

Mike Ragogna: Bill, what an original, emotional movie this was to have directed. If this wasn't a life-changer for you, it certainly must have been a life-enhancer.

William H. Macy: Yes! Separate from the story we told and how well I might have succeeded or failed it's a life-changer because it's the first time I've directed a feature and at this point in my career it's completely new. The result of it is I haven't felt this challeneged and alive in a long time. It was a shot in the arm at the perfect time in my career. I also just fell in love with our business all over again. I mean schoolboy, knock-kneed, cross-eyed in love with this business.

MR: Was that because you were able to make a film that examines a bigger concept as opposed to something glamorous?

WM: I've been in a bunch of films. Some were fluffier than others, some were deep, some were not. It's more sitting there at Video Village being the guy in charge of this small army of workmen. I got a different perspective than the actor normally gets. All I can say is that to see a hundred-plus people from completely disparate backgrounds all pulling together in the same direction and their goal is to make a piece of art is humbling. It moves me to tears sometimes. To bring these people together like this and we're all pulling in the same direction, it's the glory of humanity that we can do this every once in a while. Put everything else aside and all work with all our cleverness and energy towards a common goal. That's what making movies is about when it works really, really well.

MR: So you think you'll want to direct more films and do you think the things you've learned while directing will help your performance as an actor?

WM: Well, first, yes. I desperately want to direct again. As a matter of fact I could say it's all I want to do from now on. As I told you I'm directing an episode of Shameless, this TV show I'm on. It's the first television I've ever directed. In both Rudderless and Shameless I do have the benefit of being the new guy, the newbie. I've encountered a tremendous amount of goodwill so that both of these crews have gone above and beyond to get my back when I do something foolish or when I get lost. They really cover me. It's humbling. As for the acting, I don't know the answer to that. I think the worst-case scenario would be that I would be dissatisfied with acting and letting someone else be in charge, but I don't think I'll do that. My partner Steven Schachter and I have written about a dozen movies of the week and he directed all of them. I've developed the skill of taking off that writer's hat and putting on the actor's hat and letting him direct because the director is the beginning, middle and end of everything. He is the leader. It's a benign dictatorship and things go horribly awry when people try to take the director's power, whether it's an actor or a producer. The director has to be in charge. And I've gotten good at letting Steven direct the thing.

So when I show up to the set and he has made two scenes into one scene and changed it from a drug store to a coffeeshop, I'm good with that. It's okay. I trust him. I guess this answers your first question, having been a director I can see sometimes you have to change the script to fit what's possible. The director's job is to say, "We've got X amount of money and X amount of time, how can I tell this story?" Sometimes you have to roll with the punches when you get to the day. That's good filmmaking. I was pretty good as a writer saying, "okay, you go with it, you do your job, that's okay with me." I hope when I'm acting next week on Shameless and not directing and acting I will be able to say, "You go, director. I've got your back. You tell me what you need and I will do my best to service it and let you direct it." I'm pretty sure I'm going to be able to do that. I've been doing it for a long time and I've seen what happens when people step outside their purview and try to do other people's jobs. It's a disaster.

MR: Let's apply that to Rudderless. Did the actors really sit down and explore the script with you? Did you allow that to happen?

WM: What a good question. They dug the script as it was, which is not to say that they didn't have a few notes. Some of them I said, "Yeah, no," and the others--probably half and half--I said, "Ooh, good idea!" They were also really good at looking at the details because it's such a jigsaw puzzle you're putting together because you're shooting out of order and dealing with the logic of everything. They were really good at backing me up and saying, "Hold on, I didn't know that at this point, I had on this, not that, can you answer me the throughline logic?" and I'd go, "Oops, we've got a mistake here." They were good about that. As far as the actors, they kind of came with it. My memory of it is that I didn't direct them that much. They showed up and they were stunning from the beginning. All I had to do is take pictures of it. They're really quite the cast. Once or twice with some of the local folks a scene just fell flatter than a pancake and I had to figure out a way to make the scene work. I did talk to those actors and luckily I've got forty five years of experience so there were no unmitigated disasters. I was able to figure out the scene in a way that was successful. But mostly they brought their A game.

MR: Billy Crudup was in Almost Famous, and the rest of the cast is somewhat musical. The subject matter of this film must have resonated with many of the actors already, right?

WM: Yes. You know, Billy's actually not that musical a guy. He plays guitar and he loves music but I wouldn't call him a musician. I think now after this he learned a bunch of stuff, he was playing guitar for a long time. Also we had ukuleles on the set all the time and Billy's been playing his ukulele, and Anton also. That was my wrap gift: ukuleles for everybody. Anton [Yelchin] plays in a band, he loves to play music. Ben Kweller who played the bass, you know Ben, he's an actual rock star. He brought a lot of verisimilitude to the whole band. And Ryan [Dean] the drummer is a real drummer. Anton and Ryan were pals before, they had played together. Ryan and Ben brought some of the rock 'n' roll knowhow and their moves and they helped Billy and Anton with that. Luckily the nature of the story was that these weren't seasoned musicians. It's one of the plot points that Sam, Billy's character is a little in over his head musically in this band. They were well-cast and they were comfortable with what they had to do. Also there's a technical problem, it's one of the first we faced: I had this cherished fantasy that we would rehearse these songs a whole lot and we'd get so good that we'd actually do a couple of tour dates and then when we got to the day we'd record it live. It was Charlton Pettus who wrote a lot of the music and he said, "Dude, if you cast The Rolling Stones I would tell you to do it to playback. It's the way it's done.

If you're going to do multiple takes and you're going to cut it together, give it up. Just give it up. You're not going to do it live, you can't repeat that stuff." Plus they'd have to record it in a sound studio to make it sound any good. So we did a very clever thing. We rolled sound, they did it to playback, that's them singing, but we recorded them singing to their own playback. We did the sound mix up in San Francisco at Skywalker Sound and you hear the squeak of the strings and apparently with the drums in particular there's a sound mix when you record it live, and some of the ad-libs and the grunts and the groans and they mix that stuff in so it sounds like they're recording it live. Everyone told me that's one of the big problems with music in movies: making it sound like it's not them lip-synching to a recorded song. I think we did really well. It sounds like it's live, doesn't it?

MR: Absolutely. And I admire your other musical contributors on the project, for instance Eef Barzelay from Clem Snide. How did you come across Clem Snide? It...and Eef...are like the world's best-kept secrets.

WM: Despite the fact that I've been doing this for a long time, when they would say, "Who do you want for a composer? Who do you want for a DP?" I went braindead. All I could think of was the last three people I had worked with. I went back over all the films I had done and in all candor I vastly underestimated the power of score in a movie. I've since educated myself a little bit. It's vitally important. It can change not only a scene, it can change and entire film. The best example is that I did this film called The Cooler, and the director kept telling me, "Wait 'til you hear the score." All I could think was, "If he thinks the score is going to save us, we're in trouble." Well guess what: the score made a completely different movie. Not a completely different movie; the score moved it up four notches. It was stunning. The producer and our musical supervisor Liz Gallacher sent me oh perhaps ten composers that were available, that we could afford, that they thought were appropriate and I listened to all the music and I chose Eef and I can't tell you more about why, I just had a feeling. With so much of the stuff I realized it's not an intellectual process, you just take in the person as much as you can and you kind of let your subconscious speak up.

MR: Was there a subtext speaking up from the script? I feel like Josh's death supplied the eponymous "rudder." Everything that happened after a certain point, it was like the son was raising the father.

WM: Ah, that's great man, I like that. Me, personally, what do I want to see when I go to the cinema or even the theater? I want to be told stories that make me feel good, that entertain me and challenge me. I believe in humanity. I think we're the most astounding thing that's ever happened. We are an astounding species. There's lots of talk about our killer angels as Lincoln called them, but we are an astounding species. I would like to hear a story of redemption--which is not to say I just want fluffy comedies, sometimes you can be wildly and successfully entertained by crying your eyes out. You need that, too. I've always looked at it as a story of redemption and how you keep going after something like this. The question is, "What must it be like to get that phone call?" What must that be like? Casey Twenter and Jeff Robison, the two writers, and myself kept coming up with, "I have no idea. I just have no idea." It's beyond the pale. In an instant you have no son, you can't mourn him and your life is forever changed. You live with shame and regret for the rest of your life, and it happened right after "Hello?" Everything changes. Where do you find support? What must that be like? That's what we kept nibbling away at and telling whatever we knew of the story, because there's no simple answer. To lose a kid like that, how do you go on, and you're exactly right. I don't know, but the human animal survives. This is a story of redemption, and I love your notion that the son teaches the father.

MR: Thanks. It was as though Sam couldn't save Josh, Josh saved Sam.

WM: Yeah. Josh saved Sam. It was interesting, there was a scene or two at the end that took Sam down the path of redemption a little bit and then we said, "Forget it! Forget it! It's over." That lovely moment that Billy has at the microphone, everyone said, "Movie's over, man," so we cut the ending. Lovely scenes, too. It was all a thing of paring it down, "What's the essential?" which is I guess what every director does. The music was the other big great white shark that I was afraid of. I looked at a lot of films that have music in them and I faulted many of them because they were lovely films but the music wasn't great. It wasn't scintillating. It wasn't as good as the film. I realized that's the first decision I have to make and it's the first thing I did. This woman Liz Gallacher came on as the music supervisor, she put out the word in the indie world, she sent the script around, I wrote a letter to accompany the script where I unashamedly said, "I need pop songs, I need the audience to be able to hum the hook after hearing it one time, I need lyrics that can be about anything except the plot, so these songs can be about anything. You can write about your typewriter, you can write about anything you want." I said in the letter, "They must be clever lyrics, they must be funny and ironic where possible," I wanted complex songs with a chorus and verse and the middle eight as John Lennon called them, three different distinct parts. Sophisticated music but with catchy hooks.

In the script, we just put placeholders where the songs came. Jeff and Casey and I said, "What would be good here is a song about, 'what if I was an asshole, would you still like me?'" "This would be a good place for a song about regret." "This would be a good place to sing about some broad that dumped you." Let me get back to the indie world. A lot of songs came in, it was very flattering. A lot of people did demos and sent them in. One of them was a song called "Home" and I really liked it. It's the first song Billy sings, "Well I'm trying to get home but it seems like another life," I really like that song.

Then I looked at some other stuff that Simon Steadman and Charlton had written and "I'm An Asshole" was on there, and I loved it. So I looked closer and closer and I thought, "These are the guys. Why keep looking? These are the guys." I called them up and said, "Okay, get to writing." They had some stuff in the trunk that they altered for us, and they wrote a bunch of songs. With one exception, which was "Over Your Shoulder" which was written by Fin, and his band is called Fink, Simon and Charlton wrote all the music. They were tireless. Charlton has a studio at his home so all the actors went there and we recorded it. Charlton and Simon stayed with us all through the thing. We put in little things like when Anton says, "One thing I really hate is when Sam is always late," it seems like an ad-lib but if you think about it, it was recorded seven weeks before we shot that scene.

MR: Did you have any experieneces in your acting career where you've had this kind of holistic connection to a project? Fargo comes to mind for me.

WM: An actor's purview is seconds, really. Maybe minutes. As an actor you enjoy the film, you enjoy whatever number of weeks you worked on the film, but what sticks in your memory is certain scenes where you--I don't know what happens, the muse? I don't know. It's when you step out of yourself a little bit. Every actor will know what I'm talking about. If you're lucky once, twice in your career you are visited by the muse. It's only happened to me on stage in the theater, but literally you have an out of body experience. You are so hot that you sort of step back and look at yourself saying, "Well you go, boy. I'm not going to mess this up. You just go, whatever you want to do," and you're sort of watching yourself and the audience is snugly and happily in the palm of your hand. It only lasts for about thirty or forty seconds but it is a stunning experience. I've had some moments like that on film, it's tough because you've got a crew of about thirty people standing there looking at you whereas on stage you're really up there alone.

But I've had it on film. I've had it writing with Steven, where we would be wrestling with a scene and all of a sudden it comes together, particularly when it's a funny joke and we just roll around on the floor laughing at our own cleverness and it is a lovely, lovely experience. You come up with an elegant solution and it just makes you pee your pants your laugh so hard. But it's different for a director, because a director's purview is the world. The whole bleeding world. When you're in prep you have to see the whole story in its totality, you have to make sure that every single tiny element tells the story and fits with the next piece and fits with the preceeding piece, it's a big jigsaw puzzle, it's wonderful, and then there's a whole new part once you start shooting, and then it gets into generalship and it's all abbout marshalling this army of people to pull in the same direction and with whatever money you've got and whatever time you've got you budget it properly so that you squeeze every last cent out of a dollar that you can. It's more generalship than making art. And then you go to editing and that's a whole new animal itself.

MR: Did you discover in editing that it was a different movie than you thought it was?

WM: It wasn't a different movie, but I falttered myself that I had pared the script down to just essential when we started shooting. I thought, "Yeah, I'm going to impress people, there'll be about a foot and a half of film left over when we cut this together." Well I slammed it. All of this stuff I thought, "You can't tell the story without that scene." Boomp, it's gone. I shot all this stuff that wasn't necessary, wasn't essential. And I forgave myself because everybody said, "No, you've got to do that, man. That's what film making is. Shoot everything you think you might need so that when you tell the story in the edit you've got it. There's no shame, no harm, no fowl." So it wasn't a different story, it's just that the telling of it could be more efficient than I had thought at first. I fancy myself a raconteur and I particularly love telling jokes. When people blow jokes it's because they give you too much information. The essence of a joke, if it's got a good punchline, is to get to the punchline as fast and efficiently and as richly as you can with a minimum number of words and sentences so that it's set up, throw the punchline and that makes peopel roar. You give them too much information, you water down your punchline. Well a movie's just one big, long, extended joke.

MR: [laughs] And you could say that about the music as well.

WM: Same thing with the songs. It's got to have a beginning, middle and end, which is another thing that I said in that latter. "All these songs have to tell a bit of a story."

MR: I always ask everybody what advice they have for new artists. In this case, it's twice as good since you've worked with both musicians and actors. First, what advice do you have for musicians?

WM: For writing for film? I guess my take is I'm a storyteller. When I hear pop songs that I don't like it's because they've got a catchy hook and that's the end of it. They've got nothing to say. Those are the songs where you hear the same phrase repeated until you're ready to put a gun in your mouth, and they try to fix it with production. It's just one clever little thing that they thought and then they just repeat it for three minutes. The songs that we really love are the ones that take us on a little bit of a story, and the best stories are ones where you don't see the punchline coming. I took this writing course by Robert McKee one time, he was talking about the climax of the thing and he said, "Your climax must be inevitable, and that's where the good guy and the bad guy come together. The climax has got to be unexpected." It unfolds in a way that the audience wasn't expecting. He said, "If you can do that and then throw another twist after you think it's over, you too can have two homes."

MR: [laughs] Nicely said. The other thing I wanted to ask was what advice do you have for actors who are going to play artists and musicians?

WM: I think most actors know how to deal with it. I had seen a lot of Anton's work and I came to him and said, "Oh, you play the violin, I'm going to put the violin in here." He said, "I don't play the violin!" I said, "I saw you playing a violin," and he said, "I was faking it!" I said, "Well you faked it really well, so you've got to fake it again." He does! He played a violinist and they taught him how to get the vibrato and something of the fretboard, and he's a guitarist so he knows that, and he knew how to bow. He fooled me in that film and he fooled me in this film If you want to laugh you should listen to the recorded track. You should listen to production sound, because it looks like he's playing this beautiful thing but it sounds like a dog getting run over.

MR: [laughs] What does this make you want to do now? Where does this lead you? What haven't you done yet?

WM: Well it's a brand new career, so when it comes to directing, pretty much everything. Tonight is my last night on Shameless, shotting TV is quite an experience. I thought Rudderless was fast; TV is astounding. And I believe we're in a golden age of TV. There's so much good stuff on television now I don't even nearly have enough time to watch it all. It's fantastic. The best and brightest are in television now. It ain't in feature films, it's not even in indie films. They're all in television. Great storytelling, great acting, great writing and stunning film making. Bold stuff. The film I'm going to do next is called Crystal, written by Will Aldis. My dear friend Rachel Winter is producing with Keith Kjarval who produced Rudderless, we shoot February fifteenth in Atlanta, Georgia. It ain't a done deal yet but it's getting close. It's easier to get a second film made. It'll be a higher budget, I'll have some more toys to play with, it won't all be handheld. And it's a comedy! It's a crazy freakin' comedy and I'm looking forward to it.

Transcribed by Galen Hawthorne



A Conversation with Music Maker's Tim Duffy

Mike Ragogna: Tim, the Music Maker Relief Foundation has been around for many years with a pretty altruistic mission. How has the organization evolved over the years?

Tim Duffy: The Music Maker Relief Foundation was founded in 1994 as a heartfelt response to a number of senior musicians in the Winston-Salem, NC, Guitar Gabriel, Willa Mae Buckner, Preston Fulp, Macavine Hayes, Mr. Q and others. These were all incredible musicians that were living in East Winston, the black section of town, that has a beautiful world of culture and art that exists behind the lines of poverty, class, education, age etc. We helped this handful of artists with their basic needs and started to humbly record their music and do what they wanted to do most, get out and perform.

If you follow any popular music and follow it back to its roots you will be standing squarely in the South. Blues, Jazz, Bluegrass, Gospel and more were all invented in working class communities, by people who performed on Saturday nights at community parties and Sunday morning in church. Only a few artists were ever recorded, fewer got famous; the majority just worked and performed around their homes. The musicians we work with are the grandsons and granddaughters of these musicians. Musicians may pass away, but culture never dies - it keeps on going. Popular musicians performing and creating today are still using the music created in the American South centuries ago. This music is one of the greatest cultural exports of our nation.

Music Maker artists are at least 55 years old, are rooted in a Southern Musical Tradition, and have an income of less than $18,000 ayear. The very sad part is that the majority of our artists are living on $7000 to $10,000 a year. How does an artist think about music when there is no medicine, food, or heating oil? The answer is, they can't. Our Sustenance Program helps by making sure there are groceries, medicine, and needed expenses to ease a tiny bit of the day-to-day grind of dire poverty.

Our Musical Development Program partners with artists to help work on their repertoire, gets them a recording, gets gigs, and interviews. All artists we partner with want work; a hand up, not a hand out. We have seen great success over the years, but many artists are in their 70s to 80s when we meet them, so there is a limited window to achieve these goals. Our staff works incredibly hard to make sure every minute counts.

Our Cultural Access Program gets the music heard at performances around the world, documents our artists, and donates our photography, video and recordings to be housed in perpetuity at the Timothy Duffy Collection at The Wilson Library Southern Folklife Collection at UNC Chapel Hill. We provide educational opportunities at local schools and write grants to provide free live performance whenever we can.

What we do is truly mostly successful when we strike a real partnership with the artist. When this works and an artist comes home from a tour in Australia, has heating oil provided during a very tough winter, gets a beautiful vintage Gibson guitar in their hands, and works together with us to make it, it really is a transformative experience for everyone involved. I have seen many a couple come out to see an artist, such as Georgia Blues harmonica player Neal Pattman, and they are fussing and fighting; but once the blues gets in them they are dancing and smiling and leave together hugging up! You see music is a medicine; it is a healer. The reaction of everyone involved - from the fans, to the artists, to entire rural communities in the South - is amazing.

MR: What is your personal music history?

TD: My father Allen Duffy loved records; I grew up listening to Big Bill Broonzy, Pete Seeger, BB King, Louis Armstrong, classical, and so much more. I picked up a guitar at 16. After hearing a very early recording of Etta Baker, I knew I wanted to move to North Carolina. I eventually did; I studied Appalachian Studies at Warren Wilson College in Swannanoa, NC. From 1983 -1987, through Friends World College, I studied Swahili Tarabu music with Oud master Zein AL Abdein in Mombasa, Kenya. I have spent all my musical pursuits with great elders of musical traditions. Unfortunately 100% of the traditional musical masters I spent time with lived in poverty. When I graduated with my Master's Degree from UNC Chapel Hill in the Curriculum of Folkore, I decided to engage with our nation's great musical cultures in a different manner than my predecessors. To truly partner with the artists, to make a better life for them, and to make the world a better place by getting their music heard.

MR: What are some of the more successful MMRF stories?

TD: Recently, we met up with Ironing Board Sam. He was living in Rock
Hill, SC, being evicted from a run down trailer; he said he was sitting around waiting to die. He was an integral part of the first African American R&B music TV show called Night Train out of Nashville. Jimi Hendrix played underneath him for a year at the Club Del Morrocco and cited Sam as an influence. Sam made records on small labels throughout the South and performed on Bourbon Street for 20 years in New Orleans. After Katrina, Sam disappeared from the music scene as he'd been forced back to Rock Hill. I had been looking for Sam and was so happy to meet him again. We moved him to Hillsborough, got him a van, glasses, dentures, clothes, an apartment, keyboard, health care. Within a year he was booked at the New Orleans Jazz Festival, and since has toured Europe, Australia, and around the country. We reissued his old albums and he started making money on these recordings for the first time, he has two new studio records out, one more on the way, and he is happy, looking forward to the next show. He loves his life and his old fans love that he is still going and he continues to share his music with new fans everyday.

Cootie Stark was a blind Piedmont Blues musician who traveled countless towns throughout the country with a tin cup at the end of his guitar for 50 years till we met up with him. He then recorded with Taj Mahal, toured 42 cities with Taj, and made a very nice living for the rest of his days; his last big project was recording and filming with Kenny Wayne Shepherd.

Boo Hanks was a tobacco worker when we met him at 79. At 86 he has issued two records and has toured with Dom Flemons of the Carolina Chocolate Drops. We helped him get a trailer to live in as the one he was living in had no water or electricity. He is still performing and sounds better on the guitar every time I see him.

We have worked with just over 300 artists and each story is incredible.

MR: And Bonnie Raitt, B.B. King and others have endorsed your efforts. What has the reaction been from those you've helped?

TD: The celebrity musicians I have met are incredible soulful people that truly want to give back. All of them have righteous causes they have dedicated their lives to help. They are just amazing people. I was fortunate when I traveled around more than I do now; I got the privilege to meet some very interesting folks. Musicians all have friends that have had hard times, most came from humble circumstances themselves; they are glad to lend a hand.

In 1995, Taj Mahal and Eric Clapton both reached out to learn about Music Maker. I met up with Eric in New York, he loved listening to the music, hearing how the music he loved was still out their in the communities where it was born. I actually got to record a few guitar duets with him. Taj Mahal got a copy of my early compilation album, "A Living Past." He invited me out to Los Angeles where he was recording at Ocean Way studios. At that time B.B. King was working on his "Deuces Wild" record. The Rolling Stones were working at the studio next door. Taj was so excited about Music Maker, he told me that I reconnected him to the great unknown blues musicians that he knew were out there. He introduced me to a who's who of musicians that came by the studio to meet the Stones; we had lunch with Mick Jagger, and Taj showed Keith the folio of photographs I had. Taj has been a true friend ever since. One of the first things he did was introduce me to B.B. King, who loved Music Maker and the music. B.B. had me at every session in Los Angeles, invited me to New York and London to help him in the studio, as I was friends with the producer; he introduced Music Maker to so many stars. In New York, Bonnie Raitt learned of our mission and has been a supporter ever since; she really helped musicians we worked with when it was dire times for them. She is such a compassionate person that has done so much for the blues community, a real true activist. We love her. Folks like Jackson Browne, Pete Townshend, Derek Trucks, Dickey Betts, Ruthie Foster... all so helpful. Kenny Wayne Shepherd filmed many Music Maker artists in his film "10 Days Out." It is a joy when famous musicians help out.

MR: How do gospel, blues, etc. survive genres evolving, changing and disappearing, you know the natural process of creativity and life?

TD: Musicians pass away, but culture never dies. Songs that used to be popular songs in the 1950s and 1960s, such as Sam Cooke's "A Change is Gonna Come," which is now a national hymn, "Blowin' in the Wind," "Sweet Home Chicago," these songs define who we are. Things change. Most great folk musicians were never recorded or even performed outside of their communities. It is still the same today. Over the last 100 years there have only been a handful of folklorists that have spent years of research identifying who these people are. Many people buy into the myth that folk music dies; that is so far from the truth, if anything it grows and morphs and continues to inspire our world. The artists who continue these traditions might be hidden, but they are carrying on and Music Maker is working to find and shine a light on them.

MR: Your book We Are The Music Makers includes photographs that are sometimes more revealing than the stories, etc. What do you think of what some of those photos are saying?

TD: Seeing Willa Mae wear her python Siam for a head band, or the ethereal smile of Ironing Board Sam, or the deep motherly love of Precious Bryant with my son Lucas - these photos say, "I am somebody, I have lived a long time, seen a great deal, and the music and my image will never die." The blues is a spirit you do not find in notes, or written on paper, it is from the heart, it tells the truth: your mishaps, good fortunes, the people in your walk of life, it will never die. There are all kinds of blues: some will make you cry, some will make you laugh, it is something that expresses the feelings inside of you and lets them go. Everyone needs music, if you do not have an instrument, play the radio. These photos say, "Listen to my music, learn more and it will make you feel better about yourself."

MR: When you look at the music scene these days, what are your thoughts?

TD: You might never have heard about Music Maker Artists, but one day you take a turn into our world and you can get lost; there is so much music, so many different kinds, you can spend years here and never leave. This is my music scene. If an artist knows who they are, are connected deeply to their roots, are making people happy, I think it is a great thing. There are so many music scenes out there today I would think it would be impossible to know what is going on. When my father brought records home, we thought we had an idea; now I know, I will never have any idea all of what is going on musically in our world.

MR: What is your advice for new artists?

TD: The artists I have worked with performed from 13 years old 'til 75 years old when they got a break. They never let go of their music, their dreams, or ever stopped playing. My advice would be if you want to make it, you have to play all the time, play everywhere you can, make the world brighter and you will find your way.

MR: What does the future bring for Tim Duffy and for Music Makers?

TD: After 20 years we have honed our model of helping musicians make it, working with over 300 artists. For the next twenty years, we want to take this model that we have made so efficient, and use it to help even more artists. We have people calling us when an artist passes away to ask if that's it, are there any more Country/Delta/Piedmont Blues artists out there? Is that music dead now? It is not, is always what I tell them. There are many musicians out there that need our help. We work with as many musicians as we can at any given time at Music Maker, but our approach is so time intensive because it is a whole-person approach. The same staff person who books the artists is the one an artist calls when the heat goes out, when they need to apply for aid for a medical expense, when they need to get out of their housing situation. Our staff connects artists with social services, instruments, basic needs - all while creating press packages for them, booking them, getting them publicity, recording, producing and designing their records - selling their records. These are all separate jobs. At Music Maker, we do them all - with a staff of five. So, in the next 20 years, we are seeking more funding to expand our staff so we can work with more artists; we will adapt to the changing music industry as we always have, and we hope to be able to grow so that we can find and assist even more than another 300 artists.

Our Next Generation Program is something we developed within just the last eight years; through this program we work with and mentor younger artists carrying traditional music forward into the future. Through these younger musicians, the traditions of the senior artists we work with can live on. These artists don't receive financial support but we do provide advice and assistance in launching their careers. They have become amazing ambassadors for Music Maker. I am very proud of the Carolina Chocolate Drops, Dom Flemons and Leyla McCalla, the younger musicians that we work with who have been so incredibly successful. This program will continue and expand into our next 20 years as well.



photo credit: Jordan Keith

According to Lenachka...

"This was one of my favorite co-writes for the new EP (9.23.14). I wrote this with my producer, Charlie Peacock (The Civil Wars, Chris Cornell, The Lone Bellow) and Mike Elizondo (Eminem, Fiona Apple, Kimbra, Gary Clark Jr.). I had done my research on Mike before hand, and going into it I was expecting to work with someone who was rough around the edges, and intense, and all in your face. But I was so wrong! He ended up being one of the most down to earth, laid back, and sincere guys. Not to mention a talented writer! 'Good Luck' has vibe written all over it!"


photo courtesy Think Press

A Conversation with The Lost Bayou Ramblers' Louis Michot

Mike Ragogna: Louis, The Lost Bayou Ramblers are a Grammy-nominated band that seems to be carrying the flag for cajun music as it explores the genre further with Western swing and rockabilly. Let's first play some catch-up, how did the band come together?

Louis Michot: After playing blues and rock'n'roll on our own, and paying guitar and standup-bass in the family band for many years, my brother Andre and I picked up the accordion and fiddle in 1998, and decided to play a gig in September of 1999. We never rehearsed, just called our musician friends to join us in downtown Lafayette, and a buddy of mine gave me the name Lost Bayou Ramblers while having a beer before the show. We just took it from there, and started playing clubs in Lafayette and New Orleans, and did our first tour to New York and Brooklyn in 2002.

MR: "The Bathtub" was associated with the Oscar-niominated film Beasts of the Southern Wild. What's the story behind that?

LM: Benh Zeitlin had been a fan of ours for years, coming to our shows at random places in the Bywater, Nola, and insisted that our music and voice by the base of the score. The movie blew me away when I first saw it, and it hits me deeper every time I see it. It is truly an amazing film that tells a side of the Louisiana story that is rarely touched upon.

MR: Over the albums, how would you say the band's music evolved?

LM: We started as bare bones acoustic, playing real old raw cajun music, and have slowly just added more drums, amps, and sounds. It's a natural progression that becomes more and more pleasing to us musically, and the change and evolution is what keeps us going. We'll always be a Cajun band. The beauty of Cajun music is that it has such a complex history, and has always shared influence as an American music, with all the other American music forms around it. We're just continuing the art.

MR: You've been referred to as "punk" in addition to your strong Cajun affiliation. Would that be accurate?

LM: I think we started being referred to as Punk because of our intense rhythmic energy, I always want more rhythm, the heavier and harder, the better. The funny thing is I never listened to Punk music until people started calling us Punk, so I went and bought a Ramones album two years ago, and I really like it, so yes, I think it can be accurate, even though we don't play "punk" songs, only Cajun French songs.

MR: What's the band's creative process usually like, picking the traditional cajun material, writing new songs and then recording?

LM: We create alot of material on stage, funky old traditional songs that we've never played until we try them live, which keeps it very interesting. I write original songs when the inspiration hits, so when we go into the studio, I'm usually full of material, and we take it from there, and always end up with something much greater than the original idea. Part of the beauty of creating in the studio is our producer, Korey Richey. He knows what it's like to be a young cajun from the country, in a world of endless musical possibilities.

MR: You have a pretty impressive fan base that includes artists like Dr. John, Scarlett Johansson and Violent Femmes' Gordon Gano, those last three having appeared on your last project, Mammoth Waltz. What is it about the music that's resonating?

LM: It's an American music that shows the complexity of American history and culture, and obviously that of Louisiana, which has fought the monocultural movement of Americanisation for centuries. Cajun/Creole culture has been great at evolving as a modern American people, while still holding on to what makes us unique and connected to the land we live on, even as it sinks into the sea. We're stubborn but smart, there's a lot to learn from this, and a cause that anyone can connect with.

MR: Which brings us to your new live album that will feature songs from Mammoth and beyond. What's the live experience like for both you onstage and your fans that are attending? What's the scene like and what are you guys feeling when you play it all live?

LM: We love playing music, we love the movement, the rhythm, and mainly the reaction from the fans. Once we start moving and throwing down dance rhythms and wild cajun melody lines, the crowd immediately reacts and starts moving with us. We just keep feeding eachother, and taking the music higher and further, its like we all get into a dance-transe together, then we finally end the song, take a sip of beer, and start on the next song. We do play pretty intense though, so we try and throw in some fiddle-accordion-triangle breakdowns, or whatever it takes to bring a dynamic show, because we can be known to just pound out rhythms for hours without stop.

MR: What advice do you have for new artists?

LM: Get shows, play them, and be humble. Treat every musician fair, and don't take any shows for granted. We're lucky to be able to make money playing music, and it's easy to lose sight of the beauty looking to be something bigger than what you are.

MR: What's next for the The Lost Bayou Ramblers?

LM: We started a new studio album in Montreal last year, and are still working on it, looking to have it out next summer. We'll also be doing some touring performing the Beasts of the Southern Wild score, accompanied by an orchestra, to the screening of the movie, an amazing experience.

MR: Any favorite cajun songs you still haven't gotten to that might appear on a future album or at least at a live venue?

LM: "Si j'aurais des Ailes," I was just playing it last night for my sons, another cajun beauty.

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