Ski Mountaineering: An Introduction

Why would anyone give up the happy comforts of chairlift-assisted skiing for this gem of an experience? Simple: Earning your turns makes them taste better, no matter how crap the snow. Skiing becomes a way of interacting with a mountain rather than just using it as a ramp.
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Annie Agle tells it like it is:

A few months ago, I awoke to a perfect morning in the Swiss Alps. My partners and I jumped up like kids on Christmas morning, housed the minimal breakfast and were in our skis by 4:30. It was a balmy -6 degrees with a wind chill factor of I-wish-I-had-another-layer as we began tip-toeing up a nearly vertical ice fall on ski crampons. Today's objective, the summit of Galmnihorn, remained coyly elusive, protecting itself with a series of false summits.


Photo by Jeff MacPherson

After two straight weeks of ski mountaineering, my quads had long since given up protesting and submissively, if not willingly, pushed my skis uphill. I snuggled into the hood of my jacket, and cautiously edged up the slope a step at a time. After a particularly hairy kick turn, I looked up to discover that the sun had finally caught up to us and was busy lighting neighboring mountains to their greatest advantage.


This is the best moment of a ski mountaineering day, when each upward step brings you more into the light and climbing literally becomes a means of achieving enlightenment. I upped my tempo and lost myself in hippy-dippy ski-bum thoughts until I finally hit the summit. The view on top was predictably wondrous and afforded sightlines of the entire Mont Blanc Massif but the blood-chilling glacial winds quickly forced us into downhill mode.


I paused briefly to look down the barrel of our line before dropping in. One turn in and I knew this ski was going to be epic. And by epic, I mean awful.

Due to the valley fog, visibility was about five feet and the snow surface was akin to frozen cardboard. Let me qualify by saying, I grew up chasing gates on injected ice. This was worse than any race course and we skied it to valley bottom... a 6,000-plus-foot descent. Oddly, the snow didn't get softer as we went down. The only sign that we were losing altitude was the ever-widening open stream and an increase in the charming decorative scatterings of pebbles and pine cones.

After a lengthy battle, we reached our "exit point" (a Swiss cow path). Upon examining my bases, I was giddy to see that the bottoms of my skis looked like the surface of the moon, and even though I was still wearing my ski boots and gear-laden pack, I traipsed down the hiking path feeling luckier than a leprechaun.


Why would anyone give up the happy comforts of chairlift-assisted skiing for this gem of an experience?

Simple: Earning your turns makes them taste better, no matter how crap the snow. Skiing becomes a way of interacting with a mountain rather than just using it as a ramp (yeah, I am biased... I own it). And, combining ski touring and mountaineering is like an Italian sub -- everything that is awesome in one epic package. Trust me: Ditch the day pass and go on a real adventure. (Added bonuses of backcountry skiing: no lift ticket purchase necessary, great-looking glutes, fresh tracks forever, sure way of building your network of fellow crazy people).


Photo by Mark Houston

How to get started:

  1. Be honest about your abilities. You should be completely comfortable on black diamonds before heading into the backcountry. Keep in mind: You will be going into terrain that is not under the jurisdiction of any ski patrol and good snow conditions are in no way guaranteed.

  • Avalanche safety. Before heading into uncontrolled terrain, you must receive education on how to avoid avalanches and stage a rescue in the event of one. Sign up for a class near you pronto. ***DO NOT SKIP THIS STEP.
  • Find a guru and gain experience. Just like climbing, backcountry skiing requires a period of learning. You will need a partner (not the braggart-bro who regaled you with stories of awesomeness outside the ropes). I recommend getting a guide. Going with a certified mountain guide (AMGA or IFMGA) will provide you the opportunity to learn from a pro and allow you to enjoy the experience of playing in the backcountry without worrying about not coming back (No, I am not being paranoid). Another great resource is Bruce Tremper's, Staying Alive in Avalanche Terrain.
  • Get the right gear and know how to use it.
  • Establish a routine. Mine is: check avalanche report and discuss with partner(s), determine a safe route with regards to conditions, inform a non-participant of the intended plan, put on avalanche beacon, go through essential gear checklist (see below), take VW van to trailhead, double-check that everyone's beacon is on, ski uphill, ski downhill, repeat until orgasm has been achieved, drive to après spot, brewskis and bad decisions.
  • Conditioning. Skiing uphill is hard work. Being in good physical shape makes the experience safer and more enjoyable.
  • Basic or wilderness first aid is never a bad idea.
  • ADVANCED: If you are serious about ski mountaineering make sure you have experience on rock, mixed, and ice routes. Have advanced knowledge of rappelling, setting anchors, and crampon technique. Again, if you are just starting out go with a guide or someone with equivalent knowledge. Your local climbing gym is always a good place to receive further instruction and find partners.
  • Stay hungry. Chris Davenport, Brody Leven, KT Miller, and JP Auclair are some of the most inspiring ski-mountaineers out there. I highly recommend social media stalking them. I do.