Art and nature: the outdoor sculpture park offers the best of both worlds. Especially during the summer holidays, when we're eager to trade in weary museum-legs for the invigorating effects of the nature hike, without sacrificing the need to view and appreciate great artworks. Here we've collected a selection of some of the best sculpture parks in Western Europe, combining idyllic settings with contemporary artworks by renowned artists. Located outside of major urban centers and off the beaten track, these art destinations are worth the trip.
Charles Jencks, Life Mounds, (2005). Courtesy of Jupiter Artland. Photo: Allan.
Comprising site-specific commissions, temporary exhibitions, and 100 acres of sprawling woodlands and meadows, Jupiter Artland was created by collectors Robert and Nicky Wilson on the site of Bonnington House, a 17th century Jacobean hunting lodge, in 2009. Undoubtedly one of the highlights and the most iconic image of Jupiter Artland is the surreal terraced landscape, Life Mounds (2005), by Charles Jencks. Jupiter Artland's summer program opens August 1 with a collection of large-scale installations and new work by Tara Donovan, a new sculpture park commission by sculptor Sara Barker, and an immersive installation by Samara Scott. The sculpture park is open to the public this year from May 16 to September 27, 2015, with ticket sales supporting their education foundation that offers free visits for schools, universities and community groups in Scotland.
Installation view, 'Jenny Holzer. Softer Targets', Hauser & Wirth Somerset, 2015. © Jenny Holzer, Courtesy Hauser & Wirth. Photo: Ken Adlard.
This Somerset art destination, a countryside outpost of Hauser and Wirth, neither falls under the familiar rubric of a traditional sculpture park nor a traditional commercial gallery. The one-year-old institution offers a core exhibition program, space for artist residencies, a restaurant serving seasonal and ethically farmed local food, and a luxuriant perennial meadow created by Dutch landscape designer Piet Oudolf. From July 12 - November 1, 2015, all five of its gallery spaces are devoted to a major solo exhibition of works by Jenny Holzer, from her early "Truisms" of the 1980s, to new paintings and LED installations. Outdoors, the courtyard displays four of Holzer's granite benches, and during the course of the exhibition further outdoor works will be installed throughout the grounds. Hauser & Wirth Somerset is open year-round and is easily accessible by train.
Mark Handforth, Two Old Bananas, 2013. © Cass Sculpture Foundation, Mark Handforth, 2015. Photo: Barney Hindle.
The Cass Sculpture Foundation, founded in 1992 by Wilfred and Jeannette Cass, has pioneered a unique non-profit model. All of the sculptures on display are, in fact, for sale; proceeds are split equally between the artist and the foundation, which then facilitates new commissions. New commissions for 2015 include Mark Handforth's three-meter tall, cast aluminum sculpture Two Old Bananas; a sculpture playing with transparency and light by Piotr Lakomy; a hydraulic machine that collects and arranges fallen trees by James Capper; and a sculpture in steel, resin, brass, and wood by Sara Barker. The Foundation is open from April to November every year.
Jean Dubuffet, Jardin d'émail, 1974. Courtesy of Kröller-Müller Museum.
While the collection of the Kröller-Müller Museum is worth the trip in itself, its outdoor sculptures and the surrounding landscape are especially beautiful in the summer. Billed as one of Europe's largest sculpture gardens, the museum's 25-hectare outdoor sculpture park has a long and rich history, and features modern and contemporary masterpieces by Henry Moore, Jean Arp, Richard Serra, Marta Pan, Christo, and Jean Dubuffet. Set in the midst of the Netherlands' Hoge Veluwe National Park, visitors can also borrow free white bicycles and set out to explore the landscape beyond the museum grounds. The museum and sculpture park are open all year.
Julien Perrier, Ludwig, 2014. Courtesy Domaine de Kerguéhennec. Photo: Domaine de Kerguéhennec.
Located on the grounds of a 18th century château in Brittany, the Domaine de Kerguéhennec is an art and culture center operated by the local government, with exhibition programming and a sculpture park celebrating works by French and international contemporary artists. Exploring the expansive gardens of the château, one will discover works by Marina Abramovic, François Morellet, Giuseppe Penone, and many others. This year's summer program features a solo exhibition by American sculptor Paul Wallach, and an exhibition exploring the relationship between painting, drawing and architecture, with nine commissioned artists creating wall paintings in the interior of the chateau. Entry is free and programming runs year-round.
Sean Scully, Boxes Full of Air, 2015. Courtesy Château La Coste.
Among the olive groves and vineyards of Provence, Château La Coste's Art Centre, conceived and designed by Japanese artist Tadao Ando, brings contemporary art and architecture to the wine country of southern France. This year welcomes a new exhibition space, converted from an old winery house, with a solo exhibition of paintings and sculptures by Sean Scully serving as its inaugural exhibition (July 5 - October 31, 2015). Walking around the grounds of Château La Coste, visitors will find works of art and architecture by Louise Bourgeois, Liam Gillick, Frank Gehry, Andy Goldsworthy, Tracey Emin, and others, and can complement their tour with a wine tasting for an additional fee. The winery is open year-round, and offers special nighttime tours on select dates in July and August.
Gavin Turk. Courtesy of Commanderie de Peyrassol.
Also situated in the heart of Provence, the winery and sculpture park Peyrassol, established by gallerist Valérie Bach and collector Philippe Austruy, unites art and fine wine. In fact, the brand is becoming increasingly connected to contemporary art--the winery sponsors the terrace restaurant at the Palais de Tokyo in Paris, and has commissioned a Bertrand Lavier-designed label for its limited edition 2014 rosé. Among the ample vineyards and picturesque courtyards of Peyrassol, one will find sculptures by modern and contemporary artists like Gavin Turk, Niki de Saint Phalle, Jean Dubuffet, and Lee Ufan. A tasting of two wines and a tour of the winery comes complimentary, and the park is open all year.
Mark Handforth, Deep Violet, 2014. © Mark Handforth. Courtesy Domaine du Muy. Photo: J.C. Lett.
Rounding out this trio of contemporary sculpture parks in the south of France is the brand new Domaine du Muy, created by Galerie Mitterand founder Jean-Gabriel Mitterrand. Unlike the more cultivated surroundings of the winery-sculpture parks in the area, the sculptures at Domaine du Muy, curated by Simon Lamunière, interact with the scrubby yet scenic environment of Mediterranean wilderness, in a "game of contrasts." Open by appointment only, from May to October, a visit to Domaine du Muy will reveal sculptures by such artists as Sol Lewitt, Yayoi Kusama, Carsten Höller, Sylvie Fleury, Andrea Zittel, Mounir Fatmi, and Xavier Veilhan.
Erwin Wurm, Fat House, 2003. Courtesy Sculpture Park Waldfrieden. Photo: S. Kayaalp.
In 2006, artist Tony Cragg purchased and restored the Villa Waldfrieden, a historic and unique example of modern architecture, designed by Franz Krause. The sculpture garden ascending the steep slopes above the villa contain some of the finest works of Cragg, along with works by Thomas Schütte, Markus Lüpertz, Jaume Plensa, Eva Hild and others, some of which, particularly Erwin Wurm's Fat House (2003), seem to be in conversation with the modern curves of the Villa's architecture. Sculpture Park Waldfrieden offers a year-round exhibition schedule, with an exhibition of British sculptor Lynn Chadwick currently on view, from July 18 - October 18, 2015.
Nancy Rubins, Airplane Parts & Hills, 2003. © Courtesy of Universalmuseum Joanneum.
The Austrian Sculpture Park is one of the smallest and most urban locations on this list, but its size and proximity to the Graz Airport belies the subtle beauty of its rolling parkland. Operated by the Universalmuseum Joanneum, the sculpture park's collection illustrates particular conceptual strands in the history of modern and contemporary sculpture, from a reclining nude by Herbert Boeckl (1940-44), to a gravity-defying collection of wrecked machine parts by Nancy Rubins (2003). A new commission by Bernhard Leitner--Aspen Dome (2015) comprises a collection of newly planted aspen trees, a work at the confluence of sound and land art--has just been installed, a result of the sculpture park's yearly artist residency. The sculpture park is open from April to October.