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10 Essential Interior Design Tips for Small Spaces

The use of sconces is especially useful in small spaces, as it moves lighting onto the walls as opposed to standing lamps that take up extra floor space.
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Much of what I learned about small space thinking derives from observing my mini dachshund, Copperfield, and his love of cozy little areas. Yet, while he had a passion for snuggling up into corners, he expressed an irrepressible urge to run around a room in more expansive ways. Watching his spatial movements, I became acutely aware that those design elements that made Copperfield feel good about being in a specific space were very aligned to those we humans feel when we are inhabiting smaller-sized areas. We need to feel good in the homes we live in: too big and we feel lost, too small and we feel cramped. How good we feel about being in our homes has everything to do with scale and proportion, for these elements create the most balanced, comfortable and harmonious living areas. They lie at the very foundation of every successful space, traditional or modern, big or small.

While the focus of this article illustrates how a small space can be made to feel larger, the reality is that most of the following ideas help make any space feel grander, lighter and brighter. To achieve a more flowing, balanced home, one in which a person feels good about entering and living in, is the goal.

The basic principles of great design, indeed those especially prerequisite for small spaces, are consistency, definition of space, proportion and balance and the creation of destination/focal points. Put all together, like the pieces of a puzzle, you will achieve a comfortable home that exhibits functional and aesthetic appeal.

1. Use glass block or sandblasted glass walls, instead of complete sheetrock ones, to provide translucent lightness to a room division. In addition, the glass block will allow the light to come through while precluding an unattractive view if it faces the alley or another building.
Photo by David Estreich

2. Paint the ceiling of a long, narrow space a darker color than the two contiguous walls, thus giving the illusion that the space is wider than it is.

3. Install a bold and chic kitchen backsplash for added interest and functionality. It needs to be at least 18" from the top of the counter to the underside of the cabinet.

Photo by David Estreich

4. In a long, narrow galley kitchen, drop the ceiling and install downward-facing lights. By doing so, the walls will appear to thrust out, adding breadth to an otherwise narrow space. In addition, the lights will provide extra lighting in the room.

5. In a small-sized bathroom, it is best to use the front-facing back wall and floor as the surfaces upon which to place patterned tile, while using white or other neutral colored tile on the other walls. The contrast will make the bathroom look larger and the front wall with decorative tile more important. It's the idea of balance in a small space.

6. Create pocket or barn doors for a cleaner, space-saving look. It will cut down on the space needed for the traditional door swing.

7. Create a sculpted foyer. It's the most important space in the home in terms of creating flow, adding interest and making the guest feel good about the space they are entering.

Photo by David Estreich

8. The use of sconces is especially useful in small spaces, as it moves lighting onto the walls as opposed to standing lamps that take up extra floor space. In addition, sconces provide ambient lighting, great for small areas in their ability to provide overall brightness.

9. Stain all the floors the same color to achieve continuity and balance in a room.

10. Build partial walls to open up and separate spaces and give a more open feel, rather than walls to the ceiling.

Photo by David Estreich