Terrance Hayes On The Joys Of Poetry: 'Poets Are ... The Decathletes Of Literature'

Terrance Hayes On The Joys Of Poetry: 'Poets Are... The Decathletes Of Literature'

Too often, writing is swept into two neat categories: We have fiction, and we have nonfiction. A novel? Fiction. A memoir? Nonfiction. But what about a poem? It seems to dwell somewhere in a realm beyond fact and fantasy. A poem might recount imagined events or real ones, or a mixture, or put such a lyrical spin on quotidian reality that it hardly seems related to what we call "nonfiction."

Terrance Hayes, a poet who received a MacArthur "Genius Grant" in 2014 and published a collection, "How to Be Drawn," this spring, puts it this way: "It absorbs all the other mediums: memoir, fiction, journalism, the visual arts, music."

Poetry isn't just beyond classification; it encompasses it.

Hayes' poems, which crackle with linguistic fireworks and pulse with musical rhythms, exemplify the form's capacity to distill all other arts into just a few lines of text. Below, we've excerpted his "New York Poem," and talked to him about the special joys offered by poetry.

terrance hayes

What do you think poetry offers that other mediums don't?I think one of poetry's gifts is mimicry. (Aristotle said something like that first.) It absorbs all the other mediums: memoir, fiction, journalism, the visual arts, music. Poets are like the decathletes of literature. (Obviously, I'm biased.) What led you to fall in love with poetry?I don't think I was interested in genre in the beginning. I read broadly. I loved Flannery O'Connor just as I loved Jean Toomer; I loved John Keats just as I loved Toni Morrison. When I applied for grad school, I did not specify genre. I said I wanted an MFA in Creative Writing. I was so cute and stupid! The admissions committee at Pitt decided to put me in poetry. What is the most important thing to do when reading a poem?Poems are not read, they are reread. Reread the poem, then read between the lines, then look at it, then watch it, then peek at it: handle it like an object. Contemplate its shadows, angles and dimensions. Which contemporary poets do you think people should read?How about all of them. I'd never reduce it to a handful of names. Start with the literary journals in nearby bookstores and libraries. Cruise the books on order for poetry classes at nearby colleges and universities. Every contemporary poet is a door to another poet. Do you believe the rise of social media offers any great opportunities for poets and poetry? Any great obstacles?No, social media is a new, additional medium: something to be absorbed and mirrored in language. It puts a new pressure on language, but that means it can also create new shapes in the language. Like Whitman stringing long lines across big sheets of newsprint or e.e. cummings at a type writer. The new modes of expression don't necessarily degrade old modes.

terrance hayes

New York Poem

In New York from a rooftop in Chinatownone can see the sci-fi bridges and aislesof buildings where there are more milesof short cuts and alternative takes thanthere are Miles Davis alternative takes.There is a white girl who looks hijackedwith feeling in her glittering jacketand her boots that look made of dinosaurskin and R is saying to her I love youagain and again. On a Chinatown rooftopin New York anything can happen.Someone says abattoir is such a pretty wordfor slaughterhouse. Someone saysmermaids are just fish ladies. I am sofucking vain I cannot believe anyoneis threatened by me. In New Yorknot everyone is forgiven. Dear New York,dear girl with a barcode tattooedon the side of your face, and everyonewriting poems about and inside and outsidethe subways, dear people undergroundin New York, on the sci-fi bridges and aislesof New York, on the rooftops of Chinatownwhere Miles Davis is pumping in,and someone is telling me about contranymns,how cleave and cleave are the same wordlooking in opposite directions, I now knowbolt is to lock and bolt is to run away.That's how I think of New York. Someonejonesing for Grace Jones at the party,and someone jonesing for grace.

From HOW TO BE DRAWN by Terrance Hayes. Reprinted by arrangement with Penguin Books, an imprint of Penguin Publishing Group, a division of Penguin Random House LLC. Copyright © 2015 by Terrance Hayes.

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