Climate change is a "threat multiplier" and worse than many of the challenges the U.S. military is already grappling with, according to a new report by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). The New York Times indicated that the report marks a departure from the DoD's previous focus on preparing bases to adapt to climate change. The DoD now calls on the military to incorporate climate change plans in its strategic thinking and budgeting.
"Among the future trends that will impact our national security is climate change," said Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel. "Rising global temperatures, changing precipitation patterns, climbing sea levels, and more extreme weather events will intensify the challenges of global instability, hunger, poverty, and conflict. They will likely lead to food and water shortages, pandemic disease, disputes over refugees and resources, and destruction by natural disasters in regions across the globe."
Climate change will now be factored into several day-to-day decisions, including those about training exercises, purchasing decisions and assessment of the risk of infectious disease. The report points to inclusion of floods or storms in war game scenarios, testing of new equipment to adapt to warmer ocean conditions and preparedness for an increasing number of natural disasters.
"Politics or ideology must not get in the way of sound planning," the report's introduction stated. "Our armed forces must prepare for a future with a wide spectrum of possible threats."
At a lecture at Yale University earlier this week, U.S. Climate Envoy Todd Stern discussed the country's climate vision and the potential for a global climate pact touting flexible standards, financial assistance for developing countries and an accountability system at the 2015 U.N. Summit.
"The usual brinkmanship of holding cards until the eleventh hour is a bad bet because too much is riding on this negotiation," Stern said. "We can't afford to miss the opportunity to establish an ambitious, workable, new international climate order."
According to a new fact sheet from the Environmental and Energy Institute, Americans, generally, agree that climate change is happening. The finding is based on polls from a variety of sources from 2013 to 2014.
Lower Oil Prices Have Multiple Effects
Amid reports of falling oil prices, the International Energy Information Administration (EIA) lowered its oil demand forecast to 93.5 million (bpd). The change, it said, was supported by near-four-year low prices.
Downward prices have been a boon to consumers at the pump, but as one economist tells Reuters, they are a two-edged sword. "Initially, (a lower oil price) will provide a boost to an economy that already has some momentum," said Diane Swonk, chief economist at Mesirow Financial. "It's like a tax cut. The problem is that it will come back to haunt us in 2015."
The American energy boom combined with a sluggish global economy have led to a crude oil price correction with global impacts--nuancing debate about the need for major pipeline projects, potentially helping refiners and threatening to hit energy exporters like Russia and Iran harder than the recent U.S. economic sanctions.
UCS: EPA Clean Power Plan Could Use Tweaks
Some details in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules for regulating carbon dioxide from existing power plants--the Clean Power Plan--could be fine-tuned, a new report from the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) states. The group's proposed approach for setting state targets would result in renewable energy supplying 23 percent versus the Clean Power Plan's 12 percent of U.S. electricity by 2030.
UCS argues that the EPA's current proposal doesn't capture the rate at which renewables have been deployed across the country.
"Our renewable target is a percentage of electricity sales in the state that can either be met by having in-state generation or purchasing renewables from another state," said UCS President Ken Kimmell.
The Climate Post offers a rundown of the week in climate and energy news. It is produced each Thursday by Duke University's Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions.