The Decision to Boycott: Lessons from 1980

The athletes of the 1980 United States Summer Olympic team unwillingly, became the warriors in our country's defense of freedom. These men and women were the ones who were affected the most.
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It has oft been said that sports offers the thrill of victory and the agony of

defeat. In 1980, the Olympic Games, Winter and Summer, provided both

and were bittersweet for me and many of my fellow Americans.

In February, I was thrilled to be in Lake Placid to open the Winter Games

and be in the stands when the United States hockey team, which featured

many players and the coach from my home state of Minnesota, won the gold

medal. Two months later in April, I agonized over addressing the delegates of

the United States Olympic Committee in Colorado Springs about the decision

to boycott the Summer Games.

I have always been a sports fan, in general, and a fan of the Olympics,

in particular. Though I was never quite a good enough athlete to make an

Olympic team while growing up in southern Minnesota, I have always marveled

at those who were able to accomplish that goal. I have a great sense of

loyalty and empathy to the kids who didn't get the chance to live their dream

of competing in the 1980 Olympic Summer Games in Moscow. For many,

they only had a couple of years in their prime and would never get another

chance like that again. They lost a big point in their lives that they
weren't going

to be able to reclaim. I know this is still a very raw moment in American

history, and for that I am sorry.

I will always remember meeting with those athletes in the White House.

Like they had been when the announcement was made to boycott the Games

in Colorado Springs, they were very respectful and dignified despite the fact

that in their hearts I'm sure most disagreed with the decision and just wanted

to compete. I also can understand why some of the athletes may have felt as if

they were used as political pawns because of what was at stake for them.

Certainly sending a team and going ahead with the Olympics, politically,

would've been an easy thing to do. But, I can say unequivocally, boycotting

the 1980 Olympic Summer Games was a very painful decision for all involved

in making it, but one that we felt was the right thing to do.

The Soviet Union would've loved it if American athletes had made a big

issue against our policy. They would've grabbed on to that and said, 'See,

America is putting its own athletes down and the athletes are mad about it

and want to come to Moscow.'

For the athletes of the 1980 United States Summer Olympic team during

this era of American history and the Cold War, it was these men and women

who unfortunately, and unwillingly, became the warriors in our country's

defense of freedom. These men and women were the ones who were affected

the most.

We must remember that America and the world confronted an enormously

dangerous new action by the Soviet Union: it had invaded its neighbor

Afghanistan without a shred of moral or legal legitimacy, seeking, by

brute force, to suppress Afghan independence. Like Nazi Germany, at the

infamous 1936 Berlin Olympics, where Hitler tried to use the Olympics to

legitimize his hideous government, so, too, Soviet dictators had begun to

argue that the world's willingness to hold their Olympics in Moscow demonstrated

that world opinion backed the Soviet Union despite widespread

international resentment toward their government and its appalling abuse

of its neighbor.

Of course, the Soviet Union system later spectacularly collapsed, disappearing

forever from the world scene. I believe that our young athletes, who

sacrificed so much, deserve great credit for their part in denying

to such an odious regime.

this very tragic moment of American and Olympic history and tells the story

within its pages about the men and women who were called upon to make

an extreme sacrifice because of an international conflict in which they had

no control.

This is Vice President Walter F. Mondale's Foreword to the new book Boycott: Stolen Dreams of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games by Tom and Jerry Caraccioli where Mondale outlines the reasons for the U.S. boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

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