Fat-shaming doesn't help anyone, but that doesn't stop people from doing it -- especially on the internet.
New research conducted by Elliptical Reviews looks at the prevalence of body-shaming on Twitter. Using geo-tags and Twitter mentions, the company analyzed more than 17,000 fat-shaming-related tweets to discover the most common phrases internet trolls use and where this body-shaming is happening.
Elliptical Reviews found that the 30 most common fat-shaming phrases and terms included weight-focused names, such as "fat bitch" and "thunder thighs," and phrases like "stay out of the kitchen."
The top 10 most common fat-shaming phrases and terms on Twitter in the U.S. are:
Hit the gym
Read the top 30 most common body-shaming phrases below.
Elliptical Reviews also looked at where this fat-shaming is taking place. The graph below shows the number of body-shaming-related tweets sent in each U.S. state.
Researchers found that the highest amount of online body-shaming takes places in Wyoming, Vermont and North Dakota, while the states with the lowest incidences of fat-shaming tweets are California and Texas.
The five states with the highest prevalence of fat-shaming tweets are:
Scroll below to see the full map of fat-shaming tweets broken down by state.
The study also analyzed the prevalence of specific body-shaming phrases around the world. Phrases like "big and fat" and "lose weight" were used evenly throughout North America, Europe and Asia. The terms "fat ass" and "fat bitch" were used overwhelmingly in the U.S., while the phrase "stop eating" was surprisingly prevalent in South Asian countries.
Click through the interactive map below to learn more.
While most people likely have seen or experienced harassment online, the overwhelming majority of victims of internet harassment are women. Women ages 18-24 experience a disproportionately higher amount of harassment than men, with 26 percent reporting they've been stalked online and 25 percent reporting they've been targets of online sexual harassment.
The abuse women face online is often much more gendered and sexualized than the abuse men face. While men undoubtedly experience fat-shaming and body image issues offline, women and girls -- once again -- face the brunt of weight-shaming. While Elliptical Reviews did not analyze gender in their findings, other statistics would suggest that most of these fat-shaming phrases are directed at women.
"There’s no one-size-fits-all solution to the weight question, but it certainly starts with an increased measure of respect and acceptance for every body, in every size," the Elliptical Reviews study notes.
Remember: Body-shaming helps no one.
Head to Elliptical Reviews to read the rest of the study.