It's generally assumed that greater wealth leads to happiness. In fact, several studies have tried to pinpoint the magic income level for happiness, including the oft-cited Princeton University study published in 2010 that found that happiness rises as income rises up until you hit $75,000 a year -- at which point happiness doesn't improve as you earn more.
But instead of wealth leading to increased happiness, the opposite might be true: Happiness leads to greater wealth, and several recent studies support this idea.
For example, a research paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America found that adolescents and young adults who report higher life satisfaction earn significantly higher levels of income later in life.
So, do you want to boost your happiness in order to perform better at work and increase your personal wealth? If so, you need to get a better idea of why happy people are able to earn more money -- here are six reasons:
Happy People Take an Optimistic Approach
Employees who are happy tend to earn more money because their optimistic approach makes them more open to opportunity and new experiences, said Lynda Spiegel, a human resources professional and founder of career coaching and resume writing service Rising Star Resumes.
"They are willing to accept challenges and take risks, both of which are predictors of greater earning opportunity," she said. And, they view bad decisions as a learning opportunity rather than a personal failure, she added.
Happy People Have Fewer Sick Days
Happiness might play a role in overall well-being. Happy employees tend to spend more time working and less time out of the office on sick leave. According to research published in Illinois Wesleyan University's "The Park Place Economist," happy employees stay home 15 fewer days a year, on average, than unhappy workers -- and live up to 10 years longer.
On the other hand, "poor health adversely affects both the productive efficiency and the work hours of an individual, leading to a decline in income," writes University of Western Sydney economics professor Satya Paul in "Reversing the Causality -- Does Happiness Reduce Income Inequality?"
Happy People Are More Productive
Researchers at the University of Warwick in Coventry, England, found a link between happiness and productivity. In their paper "Happiness and Productivity," economics professors Andrew Oswald, Eugenio Proto and Daniel Sgroi write that randomly selected individuals who were made to feel happier had up to 12 percent greater productivity than those who were not.
Being productive at work has obvious benefits. If your boss notices your productivity, it puts you in better position for a promotion and salary increase.
Happy People Get Better Performance Reviews
"Happiness is contagious," said Idowu Koyenikan, author of "Wealth for All Africans" and principal consultant at Grandeur Touch, a business strategy and human resources consulting firm. "It rubs off on your coworkers and, most importantly, your customers." For this reason, happy people tend to get better performance reviews, which typically lead to higher pay, he said.
Employers also want happy people on staff to boost morale and promote a good work environment, said motivational speaker and life coach Dan Stotridge. "This in and of itself gives happy people an edge on the competition because the employer will want to do all they can to keep these people on staff, resulting in pay increases, promotions, benefits and more," he said.
Happy People Are Part of the Solution, Not the Problem
Most people like to be part of the problem by complaining about what's wrong with the workplace, the boss or co-workers, said Linda Talley, a behavioral theorist and leadership development coach. Happy people, on the other hand, tend to look for solutions to problems.
"This confidence and solution-oriented behavior is invaluable to the busy workplaces because it translates to increased productivity and results," said Lior Krolewicz, founder and CEO of Yael Consulting, a marketing consulting firm.
Happy People Invest in Themselves
Happy people earn more because they are always improving themselves by learning more, exercising and investing in their future, said Elle Kaplan, CEO and founder of investment firm LexION Capital.
And investing in yourself can boost happiness as well. "I've noticed that my clients are generally happier overall when they invest," said Kaplan. "This is because investing in yourself is one of the best things you can do for yourself," she said.
5 Tips on How to Be Happier (and Make More Money)
If you consider yourself an unhappy person or you want to find ways to become a happier person, there are actually several things you can do to boost your happiness. By following these five tips, you will like see more professional opportunities and higher earnings coming your way.
1. Be social.
Shawn Achor, author of "The Happiness Advantage" and founder of GoodThink, found that providing social support for others can help sustain happiness. And people who invite co-workers to lunch, organize office activities and pick up the slack for others were 10 times more likely to be engaged at work than those who kept to themselves and 40 percent more likely to get a promotion.
2. Engage in a brief, positive exercise daily.
Achor's research also suggests that you can train your brain to be positive by performing an activity such as writing three things you're grateful for, exercising for 10 minutes or meditating for two minutes daily for three weeks can boost optimism and life satisfaction.
3. Compliment yourself.
Write five compliments about yourself every day for 30 days, recommended Leo Willcocks, author of "DeStress to Success." This will put you in a position of personal power and help you feel better about yourself, he said.
Keep reading: Being Happy Is About Spending Money -- on Experiences
4. Look on the bright side.
There are plenty of things you can't control, but there are many things you can, including the way you think about a situation. "If you train your brain to look at the bright side of a problem, your brain will make new neuro-pathways and you will actually become a happier person due to your change in perception," said Daryl Cioffi, owner of Polaris Counseling and Consulting.
For example, by choosing to feel good about your job, you'll send signals to your brain that your job is pleasurable, and as a result, you'll work better and be more efficient.
5. Stop comparing yourself to others.
"You won't be happy or satisfied if you try to live your life by what other people think is right for you -- only you know what is right for you," said Jené Kapela, president and founder of Jené Kapela Leadership Solutions, a consulting firm specializing in leadership training and organizational effectiveness. Rather than compare yourself to others, make choices that support your own values and do things that promote your own well-being, she said.
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