Young Black Males: Pushed Out and Away

Portrait of young smiling businessman looking away
Portrait of young smiling businessman looking away

Damien Durr is a brilliant young man who grew up in Ohio in a family of teachers where education was always stressed. No one—including Damien—ever thought he wouldn’t finish high school. When his father, grandfather and aunt all died within a short time of each other as he was starting high school, it shook him off his solid foundation. But through his terrible grief he kept going. Then he hit a roadblock: he failed the math section of the proficiency test required for graduation.

“I took the math portion of the test numerous times, went to summer school, attended tutoring in school, attended tutoring at another high school, and even had a teacher from my mother’s school come to the house and tutor me—and still I could not pass the test . . . At the end of my senior year I found myself pushed out of school and unable to graduate because I could not pass one portion of a standardized test.”

Damien’s “offense” was having spent 12 years in public school classrooms that left him unable to graduate. Years later Damien wrote about how his school pushout derailed—and nearly destroyed—the course of his life.

“[W]hat often is not discussed when you repeatedly fail like I did are the deep feelings which I felt of shame, embarrassment, disappointment and intellectual inadequacy … based on a test that kept reminding me that maybe I was not good enough. Although I was more than a test score, at the time it was hard to separate what the test suggested I was and wasn’t and where I found myself in life—having spent twelve years in school seemingly with nothing to show for it.” 

“So with no high school diploma I spent the next seven years working multiple jobs… United Parcel Service, Gibraltar Strip Steel, Labor Ready, DialAmerica, construction, telemarketing, and the list goes on. Throughout the course of those seven years I was arrested and involved in some illegal activities and found myself constantly looking for creative ways to bring in revenue.”

Damien eventually turned his life around, got his GED, and earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees with honors from American Baptist College. That’s where he met one of his mentors who immediately saw his brilliance and steadfastly encouraged him, Rev. Janet Wolf.

Of the experience, Damien said, “It was only by the grace of God that throughout those years my family and other people never stopped believing in me, challenging me and encouraging me. With the support of the village I was able to regain belief in self and overcome one of the biggest disappointments of my life.”

After graduating from American Baptist College—which John Lewis, Bernard Lafayette and Jim Bevel attended and became key leaders in the Nashville and national civil rights movements—Damien earned a Master’s in Divinity degree from Vanderbilt Divinity School. Today he is a minister at his congregation, a school counselor, and an organizer with the Children’s Defense Fund Nashville Nonviolent Organizing Team advocating for and mentoring children and youths—mostly Black boys—and others pushed out of school and put at risk of the prison pipeline who might not be as lucky and as able to get their lives back on track as he was.

Eric Brown is one of Damien’s colleagues who wrote about his experience being pushed out and pushed away by adults. Eric, the son of a third generation pastor, was rooted in the church. But as a teenager he started to realize adults in the church community were sometimes among the first to judge the youths around them.

“I noticed my frustration with identity through my experiences of how church folk were quick to label students and young adults as criminals based on music, clothing, hair styles, and vernacular. I felt many church folks never took the chance to listen to the concerns of students, but rather preached their notions of a child’s image as evil to children they said they love . . . [M]any of my friends began to go down a road of crime based on fulfilling a destiny we felt older adults already forced on us.”

Eric was able to envision and forge a different identity for himself after finding the right adults willing to serve as role models and mentors instead of prejudging him. But he saw firsthand how many of his friends and classmates weren’t as lucky. “I’m deeply concerned about America’s young black generation, and I should be. I should be because if it were not for people who gave me support to be okay with an identity that has nothing to do with looking [like] or imitating a destructive life, I might have been mimicking negative stereotypes of violence shown in the media.”

Eric also graduated with honors from American Baptist College mentored by Rev. Wolf, and received two master’s degrees from Vanderbilt University—a Master’s of Theological Studies and a Master’s in Ethics. He is a minister at his congregation and a volunteer chaplain at Riverbend Maximum Security Institute where he co-facilitates the Community Building and Conflict Resolution Circle on death row. He’s working to dismantle the Cradle to Prison Pipeline® crisis, giving that same love and guidance he received to other young people.

“We show others love and care, because we never know if love and care was stripped from them because they are from the wrong part of town. We show love and care to others because we never know if it was beaten, raped and pillaged out of them. We show love and care because we never know how many times hate was held against them and used in permanent records and brought up against our children to push them to suspension, push them to drop out, push them to perform mistakes we make criminal, and push them into prison.”

How many of us have made the same commitment? We need to stand up and fight against unjust systems that often push young people out of school and onto the path to prison. We also need to make sure we are doing all we can as individuals to show love and care and support to young people—especially Black and Hispanic—who already often feel pushed out and pushed away.