Intuitive Machines' lander, Odysseus, touched down on the moon Thursday, but contact with the craft was weak.
“We are returning to the moon in a way we never have before, and the safety of our astronauts is NASA’s top priority," NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said.
The rare and fleeting spectacle, late Monday into early Tuesday, should be visible to millions of people.
The telescope sports much more sensitive sensors than its predecessors, which it uses to capture images across an extremely wide field-of-view.
Tens of millions in the Americas are getting front-row seats for a rare “ring of fire” eclipse of the sun.
An ambitious but failed attempt by Russia to return to the moon has exposed the massive challenges faced by Moscow’s once-proud space program.
Only three governments have managed successful moon landings: the Soviet Union, the United States and China.
“This demonstration will be a crucial step in meeting our Moon to Mars objectives for crew transportation into deep space," said the deputy administrator of NASA.
Officials with China's burgeoning space program say they plan to place astronauts on the moon before 2030 and expand their space station.
Scientists pieced together the images taken over five years by the European Southern Observatory in Chile.