At least 70 people were also injured in the incident.
Delhi has about 9,000 beds dedicated to COVID-19 patients, but experts say it will need at least 15,000 beds by the end of June.
"I'm going to be on this Amtrak train for 70 minutes so I brought 70 snacks."
The derailment forced a nearby interstate to shut down as workers scrambled to contain the cargo.
Gov. Gavin Newsom called the action “illegal” and accused the Trump administration of exacting “political retribution.”
While President Donald Trump flew in by plane to meet Kim Jong Un in Hanoi, Vietnam, the North Korean leader rode in his fancy train.
"Let’s be real. The project, as currently planned, would cost too much and take too long," the governor said of bullet train plans.
A fire that resulted from the crash led to an evacuation of nearby homes.
The technology automatically stops a train to prevent a derailment or crash but it is in operation on only 24 percent of tracks owned by passenger railways.
Police removed at least 17 demonstrators standing on tracks or locking themselves to a station platform to protest police brutality.