Police said at least three were seriously injured.
The former prime minister and his ultranationalist allies won an election that ended the short-lived, ideologically-diverse government that had ousted him.
The attack in Jerusalem followed a tense week between Israel and Palestinians in Gaza and the West Bank.
The renewed violence at the site came despite Israel temporarily halting Jewish visits, which are seen by the Palestinians as a provocation
Palestinian medics say 17 people were injured after Israeli security entered the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, just days after violently storming the site.
Medics said more than 150 Palestinians were wounded.
The court ruled that four families who were slated to be forcibly removed from their east Jerusalem homes and land can remain for the time being.
Organizers hope the installation will draw attention to the importance of preserving the Dead Sea.
It was designed for comfortable sitting, with a deep septic tank dug underneath.
The arrests of Muhammad and Muna al-Kurd come after the Israeli armed forces temporarily detained prominent Al Jazeera journalist Givara Budeiri.