charlie hebdo attack
Viewing ISIS's acts from a criminological, rather than theological, perspective offers some provocative insights into the minds of its fighters. Studies have shown that criminals commonly use five techniques to justify their acts - allowing them to effectively neutralise their guilt.
Thousands gathered to pay their respects to the victims of the 2015 attacks in France.
"Still mightier. Always mightier."
The satirical paper's director wrote that he wanted to "bash the heads in of those who dreamed of our deaths."
It's been almost a year since Islamists killed 12 in the satirical weekly's office.
Islam is the site of an ideological battle that is at least as critical as the military one, an ideological battle that Christians, Jews and atheists are simply not in a position to wage. So, yes, imams, intellectuals, and ordinary observant Muslims must rise in great number and say to the Islamists, "Not in our name!"