Crusades

Even at the height of the Crusades, Frederick II promoted religious tolerance.
Rise of a demagogue He was allowed into the city by an admiral and a general, and immediately inflamed passions against elites
Wael translates roughly from ancient Arabic as "protector, one who gives refuge." Through his art, Shawky indeed seems to
In my experience, Americans are good people who are largely unaware of the horrors that have been done to the Muslim community in their name, and if they were aware would not support such actions.
The conquest of Medieval Greece by the Turks in 1453 was a result of centuries-long enslaving of the peasants, the loss of
I am tired of singing about war in church. Onward Christian Soldiers uses images from the Crusades and why? To stir us emotionally and to get us into action, I suppose. But to act in what way?
Aside from the growing negativity towards the US in Afghanistan, its role in Bosnia had also come to be viewed suspiciously. In the autumn of 1994, during my coverage of the war there, I received information from a reliable source that bands of Arab mujahedeen had arrived from Afghanistan seven months before.
In the 13th century, the Italian town of Lucera was a Muslim island in a sea of Christendom. Here Frederick II, the head
Certainty is not an indicator of righteousness. I suspect it is rather the reverse, that the more certain you are that you are right, the more likely you are to be terribly, terribly wrong.
ISIS is a tragic foil. Despite its presumptuous claim to a "new caliphate," the group -- by punishing trifling deviation from its narrow Sunnism, by elevating theocracy over free thought -- exemplifies a mentality opposite that which fueled the caliphates of Islam's golden age.
Saladin offers a window into the rich history and peacefulness of Islam. He is a model of how we should respond in moments of peril and fear. For Saladin, "Victory is changing the hearts of your opponents with gentleness and kindness."
When the Islamic State stormed the city of al-Mayadeen in the eastern countryside of Deir ez-Zour along the Euphrates River, they struck with particular vengeance at the homes of Syrian Sufis. Members of the Sufi order were arrested; their clerics were flogged, their spiritual corners torn down.
Republicans, of course, do the whole fear thing very well. Democrats cannot hope to ever stoke the public's fear as effectively as Republicans. But this week it was on display more than usual, because there are still 14 Republicans running for their party's presidential nomination.
In Wael Shawky's trilogy it's historicism, not history, that is being culled, a deliberate seeing in the past the makings of the present or more recent past.
I've always wondered what Jesus would have said about acts perpetrated in His name. On the one hand, Christians called Jesus the Lamb of God, the Prince of Peace, and the Embodiment of Love.
I'm not interested in trying to decide the best and worst "holy" books because all contain both ridiculous and reasonable passages. Adherents can quote portions to justify loving their neighbor or killing their infidel neighbor.
These are outrageous deeds that must be stopped. But how should the Vatican state the case against these groups? I believe that it should confine itself to detailing the crimes these organizations are committing.
Our churches must challenge our ignorance, faulty theology and lack of historical knowledge of what our world was like twenty centuries ago in order to radically reorient our religion away from anti-Semitism.