This week's polls offer a crucial test.
Macron spoke out against the dangers of nationalism, an ideology Trump has openly embraced in recent speeches.
Marine Le Pen and Matteo Salvini want to see a populist majority in the European Parliament.
But populist parties excel at stoking fears that aren't necessarily connected to reality.
"Dalits and Muslims are being told by the ruling party that they cannot be part of India’s vision," said the great-grandson of India's first prime minister.
"America First" is based in exclusivism, but Indonesia’s nationalism has far more pluralistic connotations.
Reactive populism has become a decisive force in both the U.S. and Indonesia.
Otherwise, social unrest will continue to escalate, and we'll face a bleak future.
Richard Maher, European University Institute Has the populist tide sweeping Europe crested? Six months ago, many European
But the global reach of technology is also challenging them.
This is partially why Trump happened, says Kishore Mahbubani.
Looks like other free countries want to stay that way.
Populism is no longer condemned to the extremist edge.