The most important message of this referendum is that Italians are angry with their politicians. As we saw during the U.S. elections and the Brexit referendum, citizens have just uttered a loud scream.
The mobilization of the undecided voters -- and of Italians abroad -- will be a deciding factor in this game. The only certainty is that on December 5, Europe, Italy and the Democratic party will no longer be the same.
We don't know for sure that Matteo Renzi likes to play cards, but he certainly has an excellent poker face. Italy has grown accustomed to the prime minister's all-in moves.
Right now, we have to deal with further anxiety and uncertainty. There is an inequality written into the law that threatens our existence, our families, and our choices.
Fermi tutti, stavamo scherzando: Carlo Calenda fa le valigie e torna a Roma a fare il Ministro dello Sviluppo Economico. Matteo
At a time when the European project is at a standstill due to successive crises that have triggered nationalist pushes throughout the European Union, political ideologues and forecasters struggle to predict what awaits, or give a clear path that would enable Europeans to feel inclined to take the experiment further. One element they seem to agree upon, though, is the necessity for influential member states to be led by powerful, respected and visionary leaders.
"It's a decision that offends Western culture, as well as the supremacy of art as a vehicle for culture and liberty."
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi has pledged to spend $1 billion of a new security budget on the arts.
Europe today stands between the Scylla of deflation and the Charybdis of a populism filled with rancor but devoid of content and proposals. Italian reform is coming at its own pace, but reforms are there and, even more importantly, they have popular backing.
It was striking that "La Grande Bellezza" came up in a televised interview in recent days with Matteo Renzi, Italy's youngest ever prime minister. It was even more striking, however, that Renzi presented the movie in a positive light: to him, the superficially negative message was secondary to the "great beauty" of successful Italian art. What is more, Renzi used the movie to press the case for his ambitious reform agenda.