The administration could soon suspend certain migrants' rights to seek asylum in the U.S., drawing from the same legal authority as Trump's previous travel ban.
Trump signed the order while attending the annual convention of the American Farm Bureau Federation.
The Justice Department seeks stays of two orders that have blocked the U.S. from shutting the door on citizens of six Muslim-majority nations and refugees.
That's as many in four months as Obama granted in his entire eight years.
A civil rights center named for Fred Korematsu, one of the Americans who fought back during that period, now hopes the courts stand up.
The 9th Circuit has previously ruled against the president's blocked executive orders.
The organization calls the president's election commission a "fake news boondoggle."
Each court decision regarding the order stands to influence the country's demographics for years to come.
In 1971, the Supreme Court decided that courts shouldn't investigate the motivations of officials who closed public pools rather than integrate them.
The organization changed its mind after seeing that the directive was basically toothless.