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Urban Ecosystems And Landscape Conservation In The 21st Century

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It is sometimes said that the industrial revolution spurred the largest human migration in history. This migration is first spread through Asia, Europe and Latin America and is still in the process of transforming the rest of the world, including Africa because of poverty had been with a slow development, where causes environmental imbalances at the biosphere of our planet.

We refer, toward a path of resilience for the human life, for the mass movement of the people who inhabit a city on the world and that does not maintain a balance with the landscape. The apparent abandonment of the field is the creation of a geographical world convulsion -- the phenomenon of human migration obey to an unexpected situation that perpetuate the species in exploration to improve economics features in other regions and convulsing instability in terrestrial ecological unit of the regions and the planet that 75 percent or more of people in so-called industrialized countries now live in unsustainable towns, and half of humanity will have greater growth in housing impact in cities end of the century without a scenario climatically suitable for life.

Although generally seen as an economic or demographic phenomenon, urbanization is also a human ecological transformation on our thinking. Understand the dramatic climate change in the spatial and material relations that require human with the rest of nature is a key to community sustainability assessment (Noosphere).

Our primary purpose, therefore, is to describe a new approach to the evaluation of the ecological and biological role of ecosystems as axes to sustain life and to estimate the magnitude of the impact they are having on the planet's biosphere. The analysis shows that as nodes energies and material consumption causes a constant mitigation, cities are causally related to the acceleration of global ecological deterioration and are not themselves sustainable.

At the same time, the towns and their inhabitants can play an important role in helping to achieve a global sustainability in the world terrestrial geography with its characteristics of nature. Towns will have to deal with similar economic, environmental and social challenges of one region to another.

Many of these challenges are addressed at the level of local and regional administrations the interaction between individuals and other species (humans) to achieve a biological behavior is to find a better resilience among them. The regional health assistance and Urban Policy offers professionals and policymakers at the state and local level the opportunity to conduct engagements of research and interviews in towns across the countries in order to gather the best information as possible and give the probability that will allow specialists to adapt innovative strategies in their own communities towards a just territorial management and sustainable ecosystems for conservation of ecological landscapes on the ecosystems of the planet is our future crossroad.