Obama admits to not having a strategy. Duck Dynasty Godfather, Phil Robertson, wants to "convert 'em or kill 'em."
So what is a thoughtful honest strategy for confronting a terrorist group like ISIS?
ISIS (the Islamic State of Iraq and Sham -- "Sham" is an old Arabic term which means Syria and Lebanon) doesn't need any more explanation. We know what it is -- evil personified. They have morphed out of al Qaeda who were ironically too liberal for their most radical Islamic interpretations, namely that there should be a new national Muslim identity -- a Caliphate. They have chosen Iraq and al-Sham (the Levant) as the territory from which this new "state" will emerge.
ISIS has brutally killed 1000s, mostly non-Sunnis, in this quest for power. Ethnic Christians and a small people-group called Yazidis have found themselves in evil's path, but so have the armies of Syria (both the national army and the various rebel groups), Iraq and even Lebanon. It seems anyone who isn't willing to lay down their "flag" and join the newly self-appointed ISIS Caliphate is deemed a traitor and deserves to die. The execution of two American hostages by beheading has horrified the West and captured our daily imaginations -- mostly how we can "demoralize and destroy" to use our President's words, this new evil encroaching on our perceived freedoms and international interests.
But I'm not a politician, I'm a private citizen and a follower of Jesus. I've spent 32 years in the Middle East. I speak Arabic. I've been many times to Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia and around the Middle East. I've met personally with the leaders of the Hezbollah, Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas and the Bin Laden family. And the politics of this are complicated to be sure. To bomb or not to bomb? Boots on the ground? It would seem that any attempt at a real diplomatic solution would be ridiculous with such a group.
Then what should the attitude be of a Jesus-following Christian in the West? How should we talk about ISIS amongst ourselves and if we had the chance to speak to one of our Congressional representatives, what might we encourage them to do? As "people of the book" (the name Muslims give to Christ-followers), what is our posture?
Unlike President Obama or the Duck Guy, Jesus had/has a strategy. Believe it or not, he was smart. He lived under an occupying force and dealt with zealots (men who would have been considered "terrorists") and lest we forget -- he was killed. So Jesus knew pain, suffering, persecution and terrorism first hand.
And he had a strategy for dealing with such enemies. Here are five:
1. "Take the log out of our eyes, before we help get the speck out of someone else's eye." Are there logs in the eyes of the West, America specifically that we need to first recognize? Where did ISIS get its weapons, for instance? And are there logs in the eyes of those of us who claim the way of Jesus as they way for the whole world? If the church had done its job in the Arab world in years past, would we have this issue? If the boys who are now men in ISIS, ten years ago, had heard and received the good news of Jesus -- would they be doing what they are now?
2. "Blessed are the eyes that see and the ears that hear." We need to see, hear and understand -- it's the parable of the Sower. There are reasons ISIS exist. We may not like them, and we might not want to understand them, but a mature and wise person will seek to know. Ask the question "Why?" Why is there an ISIS? If you were in their shoes would you be tempted to do something similar? If you grew up in a country with no power at your disposal, no outlet for travel, economic opportunity or education -- and someone handed you a gun and said "We can take what should have been ours anyway" would you be tempted? It's easy to say "No." But... are you sure?
3. "The harvest is ripe." Who has attempted to bring them good news? Saul was a terrorist before he became Paul -- killing Christians just like ISIS is doing. There's always hope. The good news is the Power of God for salvation. Do we believe that? Who's willing to go? Now.
4. "Turn the other cheek, carry the pack an extra mile and give them the coat off your back." Heaping coals on their head is an effective short-term strategy of shaming the enemy in a shame-honor culture like the Middle East. Jesus was rooted in Middle Eastern culture. He understood the power of shame and employs it brilliantly in these three simple strategies in these words from Matthew chapter 5 -- the Sermon on the Mount. Each or used by Jesus to show that the one who is being abused can take power back from the abuser by taking charge of the situation. "Turning the cheek" wasn't being passive -- but a way to force the man who struck first to think about what he was doing before striking again. Carrying the Roman soldiers pack an "extra mile" was actually illegal -- so the Roman soldier would be in big trouble for his superiors if someone saw what was happening. Taking of your "outer cloak" and showing your nakedness would have been a huge shame on the one who saw -- not the one who took it off -- but the one who saw. It's Jesus' clever way of granting power to the powerless.
What if we spent a billion dollars on creative ways of shaming ISIS -- what might we come up with?
5. "Love your enemy, bless them and loan without expecting return." Develop a long-term strategy for confronting evil. These injunctions of Christ -- to love, bless and give to our enemies - are long term strategies. They may not work right now within the current situation, but we have to be asking about the next generation. Who are the kids playing soccer in the dirty streets of Afghanistan, Somalia, Pakistan who could become successful businessmen and women, OR the next ISIS? We never heard of ISIS just one year ago. We didn't know about al Qaeda before 9/11. Who is the next ___________? And how do we move beyond our short-sighted 4-year-at-a-time policies to a more enlightened policy of generations.
To love, bless and give to your enemy speaks of development and opportunity. Are we taking economic and educational reform seriously enough in countries like Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan? If not, why not?
Of course, there is a legitimate argument to be made, that when people such as those within ISIS submit themselves fully to evil, war is our last option. Christians and those committed to the ways of Jesus have argued that position through the lens of "Just War Theory" since the days of St. Augustine. However, I believe we are too quick to employ that as a strategy when Jesus gave us some clear methods for confronting our enemies. His way is not passive. The way of the cross is perhaps the most aggressive stance towards evil ever taken. The love that God offers the world, in Christ, is not wimpy -- it is a robust affront to the systems of our day that cry out for blood and revenge. The way of Jesus is the hard way. Forgiveness, love, choosing to lay down our lives is the most difficult path in the face of real enemies. Evil is real. But love is far more powerful.
Ironically the Phil Robertson's of the world use the exact same language as ISIS -- "convert or die." There is another Way!
Paul summarized this way of Jesus well when he said, "Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good." ISIS is evil, but good will ultimately overcome.